Flowers have beautified the landscape of this planet for millions of years.
They succeeded and proved highly effective with their basic deceptive adaptive development–using color and scents to make insects and animals pollinate them.
Floral plants today are one of the planet’s most complex living groups.
The lotus flower is one of the world’s most recognizable and sacred plants.
The stunning flower is a universal symbol of some of history’s most influential cultures and religions.
Lotus are commonly found in white and pink colors and grow in murky and shallow waters.
Lotus flowers need warm sunlight to grow and are cold climate intolerant.
This flower would not flourish in winter consequently. The lotus plant is aquatic in nature.
Under muddy still water it thrives, with its roots in the deeper sludge. The short twigs go up into the water and the waxy waterproof leaves sit right on or above the water surface.
The flower’s bloom which is above the water surface commonly has a diameter up to 20 centimeters (7 inches) when fully matured.
One of the first flowering plants on Earth is supposed by researchers to be magnolias.
Fossil fossils prove that they have been on Earth for around 100 million years, according to scientific research.
Because magnolia is so old, the flowers have no real petals and sepals; they have petal-like tepals instead.
The flowers are not really nectar-producing, but they do attract pollinating beetles with fragrant and sweet secretions.
Magnolia flowers come according to variety in various shapes, sizes, and colors.
The magnolia family comprises high and fluffy trees with pink, white, red, purple, yellow blossoms.
Most magnolia varieties have wide bulbs measuring 6 to 8 inches in diameter.
These large, colorful flowers are known as hibiscus or Hibiscus sabdariffa.
Such flowers will surely beautify a home or garden prettily but they are also used for medicine.
Hibiscus may be red, yellow white and peach, and can be as wide as much as 8 inches in diameter.
The hibiscus family is a mix of diverse plants–from annuals to perennials and shrubs–famed for their large, audacious bloom, often as big as a plate.
7. Tree peony
Common peony is an exquisite flower. However, its bigger counterpart, the tree peony is a very different plant.
Tree peonies are woody shrubs; with no support, as some grow at 10 feet high.
They have many forms, colors, and fragrances, and their flowers are much bigger and typically bloom about two weeks earlier than herby peonies.
They are used as decorative ornaments as well as in medicine in China.
6. Common Sunflower
Sunflowers are mainly from North and South America, and some species are cultivated in farms for the spectacular sizes of their blossom and for their edible seeds (which is used to make sunflower oil or can directly be eaten roasted.
At least 6-8 hours of direct sunlight per day are needed for the sunflowers, the better if you try to maximize their potential for size.
The excessive blooming of gigantic sunflowers is difficult to top.
On towering stems, the Russian variety opens flowers up to 14 inches in diameter, 9 to 12 feet high.
This is the edible sunflower which is grown to eat seeds. Seeds are generally sown in spring while the crop is harvested at the end of summer.
5. Puya raimondii
Puya raimondii is the largest bromeliad species, with a height up to 15m and is also known as the queen of the Andes.
This type of plan is found in Bolivian and Peruvian forests from the high Andes.
The flower can reach a height of up to 30 feet which contains 8-12 million seeds per plant.
The Queen of the Andes in the wild have only three populations. Most of the bromeliad has thousands of species, but Puya raimondii has very small genetic diversity.
Puya raimondii currently are on a verge of extinction because it is unable to adapt to climate change and deforestation.
4. Neptune grass (Posidonia oceanica)
The Posidonia Oceanica which is also named “Neptune grass”, has been sequenced by a group of scientists to be around 200,000 old seaweeds covering ocean floors from Spain to Cyprus.
The plant has roots, twigs, leaves, flowers, and it creates fruits known as sea olives.
It should not be confused with algae. It flowers in the autumn.
The leaves are tape-shaped, measuring between 1 cm in width and between 30 and 120 cm in length.
This aquatic plant lives in the Mediterranean Sea and in certain areas south of Australia, with similar characteristics to dry land.
Among the many strengths of Neptune Grass is that it oxidizes the oceans and is also a food source for many animal species.
Its appearance also indicates that the water is of good quality and is well stored. Posidonia Oceanica is often termed as “The Mediterranean’s Lungs”.
3. Talipot palm
Talipot palm, originating from Southern India, is one of the world’s largest palms.
It has a height of up to 25 m and a diameter of stems of up to 1.3 m.
It is a palm fan with a diameter of up to 5 m, a petiole up to 4 m and up to 130 leaflets.
The Talipot Palm has one or more million small flowers, the largest inflorescence in any plant, 6-8 m long, on a branched trunk stitched on top of a trunk.
The Talipot palms are monocarpic, which means they flower only once at the age of 30 to 80.
It has many uses and is as useful as coconut in its native region and is fruits are called ice apple which are surprisingly tasty.
2. Titan arum
Amorphophallus titanium is the flowering plant with the greatest unbranched inflorescence in the world that bloom rarely for a short period.
Its flower releases while it is in bloom and emits a smell smiliar to rotten corpse.
The florescence of the titan arum is not as large as the talipot palm but rather branches off unlike tailpot which make it a bigger flower.
The plant itself reaches approximately 10 to 15 feet in height, and the leaves can be as large as 13 feet (4 m).
The tallest recorded blloom of corpse flower according to Gunniess Book of World records was 10 feet 2.225 inch tall.⠀
On June 18, 2010, it flowered in the Gilford, New Hampshire, Winnipesaukee Orchids.
In the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN), the corpse flower is classified as “vulnerable” in the Red List of Threatened Plants.
However if the conditions that affect its life and reproduction do not change, the plant may become endangered. Habitat loss and devastation are the primary threat.
1. Rafflesia arnoldii
Rafflesia arnoldii is the largest flower in the world that has a diameter of over three feet.
This parasitic plant is steady, not visible externally until it is about to bloom, with no roots, stems, twigs, or leaves.
Buds arise slowly over months to the size of the cabbage without a sign of the contaminated host plant. This flower too has a rotten corpse smell (more intense than Titan arum).
While the flies gain no benefit from the flowers, the pollen sticks to its back as they rest on the bloom, attracted by its rotten meat scent.
When these flies pass into a female flora, the pollen is released in the flowers so it can be fertilized.
The produced fruit has thousands of seeds and is fleshy and small. Such fruits are consumed by tree shrews, which then continue to disperse the plant’s seeds (by excretion).
Since Rafflesia is a unisexual plant and an uncommon one, flies sitting on a male’s bloom and bringing pollen from that flower have tiny chances of sitting on a female’s bloom and passing pollen into a female for fertilization.
Rafflesia arnoldii is currently considered one of the world’s most endangered plant species.
The International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) also classifies certain Rafflesian species such as Rafflesia Magnifica as “critically endangered.”
Rafflesia’s two primary factors contributing to the extinction of these species are the limited geographic area of this species and deforestation.