Flowers have beautified the landscape of this planet from millions of years.
They succeeded and proved highly effective with their basic deceptive adaptive development–using color and smells to attract insects and animals to pollinate them.
Floral plants today are one of the planet’s most complex living groups.
There are many fragrant & beautiful flowers in the world, but many of them are similar in size (about 1 inch to 5 inches in diameter).
The lotus flower is one of the world’s most recognizable and sacred flowers.
The stunning flower is a universal symbol of some of history’s most influential cultures and religions.
We commonly find lotus in white to pink colors.
It mostly grows in murky and shallow waters and need warm sunlight to grow, but are cold climate intolerant.
This flower would not flourish in winter consequently as it is aquatic in nature.
Under muddy still water it thrives, with its roots in the deeper sludge.
The short twigs go up into the water and the waxy waterproof leaves sit right on or above the water surface.
The flower’s bloom which is above the water surface commonly has a diameter up to 20 centimeters (7 inches) when fully matured.
One of the first flowering plants on Earth is supposed by researchers to be magnolias.
Fossil fossils prove that they have been on Earth for around 100 million years, according to scientific research.
Because magnolia is so old, the flowers have no real petals and sepals; they have petal-like tepals instead.
The flowers are not really nectar-producing, but they do attract pollinating beetles with fragrant and sweet secretions.
Magnolia flowers come according to variety in various shapes, sizes, and colors.
The magnolia family comprises high and fluffy trees with pink, white, red, purple, yellow blossoms.
Most magnolia varieties have wide bulbs measuring 6 to 8 inches in diameter.
These large, colorful flowers are known as hibiscus or Hibiscus sabdariffa.
Such flowers will surely beautify a home or garden prettily but they are also used for medicine.
Hibiscus may be red, yellow white and peach, and can be as wide as much as 8 inches in diameter.
The hibiscus family is a mix of diverse plants–from annuals to perennials and shrubs–famed for their large, audacious bloom, often as big as a plate.
7. Tree peony
Common peony is an exquisite flower.
However, its bigger counterpart, the tree peony is a very different plant.
The tree peony is the largest flower in the world when you consider the actual human use them.
Tree peonies are woody shrubs; with no support, as some grow at 10 feet high.
They have many forms, colors, and fragrances, and their flowers are much bigger and typically bloom about two weeks earlier than herby peonies.
They are used as decorative ornaments as well as in medicine in China.
6. Common Sunflower
Sunflowers are mainly from North and South America, and some species are cultivated in farms for the spectacular sizes of their blossom and for their edible seeds (which is used to make sunflower oil or can directly be eaten roasted).
At least 6-8 hours of direct sunlight per day is needed for the sunflowers, the better if you try to maximize their potential for size.
The excessive blooming of gigantic sunflowers is difficult to top.
On towering stems, the Russian variety opens flowers up to 14 inches in diameter, 9 to 12 feet high.
This is the edible sunflower which is grown to eat seeds.
We generally sow seeds in spring while the crop is harvested at the end of summer.
5. Puya raimondii
Puya raimondii is the largest bromeliad species, with a height up to 15 m and is also known as the queen of the Andes.
We can find this type of plant species in Bolivian and Peruvian forests from the high Andes.
The flower can reach a height of up to 30 feet (9.14 m), which contains 8-12 million seeds per plant.
The Queen of the Andes in the wild have only three populations.
Most of the bromeliad is comprised of thousands of species, but Puya raimondii has very small genetic diversity.
Puya raimondii currently are on a verge of extinction because it is unable to adapt to climate change and deforestation.
4. Neptune grass (Posidonia oceanica)
The Posidonia Oceanica, which is also named “Neptune grass”, has been sequenced by a group of scientists to be around 200,000 old seaweed covering ocean floors from Spain to Cyprus.
The plant has roots, twigs, leaves, flowers, and it creates fruits known as sea olives.
It should not be confused with algae. It flowers in the autumn.
The leaves are tape-shaped, measuring between 1 cm in width and between 30 and 120 cm in length.
This aquatic plant lives in the Mediterranean Sea and in certain areas south of Australia, with similar characteristics to dry land.
Among the many strengths of Neptune Grass is that it oxidizes the oceans and is also a food source for many animal species.
Its appearance also shows that the water is of good quality and is well stored. We often term Posidonia Oceanica as “Mediterranean’s Lungs”.
3. Talipot palm
Talipot palm, originating from Southern India, is one of the world’s largest palms.
It has a height of up to 25 m and a diameter of stems of up to 1.3 m.
It is a palm fan with a diameter of up to 5 m, a petiole up to 4 m and up to 130 leaflets.
The Talipot Palm has one or more million small flowers, the largest inflorescence in any plant, 6-8 m long, on a branched trunk stitched on top of a trunk.
The Talipot palms are monocarpic, which means they flower only once at the age of 30 to 80.
It has many uses and is as useful as coconut in its native region and is fruits are called ice apple which is surprisingly tasty.
2. Titan arum
Amorphophallus titanium is the flowering plant with the largest unbranched inflorescence in the world that bloom rarely for a short period.
The flower releases while it is in bloom a smell, like a rotten corpse.
Fluorescence of the titan arum is not as large as the talipot palm but rather branches off, unlike talipot which makes it a bigger flower.
The plant itself reaches approximately 10 to 15 feet in height, and the leaves can be as large as 13 feet (4 m).
The tallest recorded bloom of corpse flower according to Guinness Book of World Records was 10 feet 2.225 inches tall.⠀
On June 18, 2010, it flowered in the Gilford, New Hampshire, Winnipesaukee Orchids.
In the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN), the corpse flower is classified as “vulnerable” in the Red List of Threatened Plants.
But, if the conditions that affect its life and reproduction do not change, the plant may become endangered. Habitat loss and devastation are the primary threats.
1. Rafflesia arnoldii
Rafflesia arnoldii is the largest flower in the world that has a diameter of over three feet.
This parasitic plant is steady, not visible until it is about to bloom, with no roots, stems, twigs, or leaves.
Buds arise over months to the size of the cabbage without a sign of the contaminated host plant.
This flower too has a rotten corpse smell (more intense than Titan arum).
While the flies gain nothing from the flowers, the pollen sticks to its back as they rest on the bloom, attracted by its rotten meat scent.
When these flies pass into a female flora, the pollen is released in the flowers so they can fertilize it.
The produced fruit has thousands of seeds and is fleshy and small.
Such fruits are consumed by tree shrews, which then continue to disperse the plant’s seeds (by excretion).
Since Rafflesia is a unisexual plant and an uncommon one, flies sitting on a male’s bloom and bringing pollen from that flower have tiny chances of sitting on a female’s bloom and passing pollen into a female for fertilization.
Rafflesia arnoldii is one of the world’s most endangered plant species.
The International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) also classifies certain Rafflesian species such as Rafflesia Magnifica as “critically endangered.”
Rafflesia’s two primary factors contributing to the extinction of these species are the limited geographic area of this species and deforestation.