Nations around the globe are stirred by the various stages of economic cycles.
It is exciting to see, however, that these upper countries do not move readily from their positions.
17 are still on the list compared to the upper 20 markets of 1980, meaning only three newcomers and almost no change in the top 10 economies by GDP.
Besides the largest economies in the world staying nearly the same, the assessment shows that these nations are the engine of development, controlling most of the world’s economy.
The top 10 countries’ nominal GDP accounts for around 67% of the world population, while the bottom 20 countries add nearly 81%.
Together, unfortunately, because of various factors, the following 173 nations make up less than a fifth of the world economy.
In this list, we will find out the top 10 economies of the world,
For you to understand, I listed them on 1 factor, Nominal GDP and to get a bigger picture GDP based on Purchasing Power Parity.
The Top 10 Economies of the world
Nominal GDP: $1.82 trillion
GDP (PPP): $1.93 trillion
The world’s tenth biggest economy, ahead of Russia. Canada reported powerful financial development from 1999 to 2008, with annual GDP expanding by an average of 2.9% fold.
Because of its close financial relations with the United States, Canada could rebound rapidly from the effect of the recession in 2009.
Also, credits to its strong fiscal policy of pre-crisis, a strong financial system,
, a comparatively stable global sector and the economic power of its resource-rich western regions.
Growth has started up again since 2010, and on average, the economy of Canada increased by around 1.4% per year between 2010 and 2013.
It hit the Canadian economy after the completion of the commodities super cycle, which recovered in recent years.
The nominal GDP of Canada stands at USD 1.8 trillion with an annual growth pace of 2.0% in 2019 and is anticipated to reach $2.43 trillion by 2023.
In the long run, according to our econometric models, It’s an expectation that Canada’s GDP to move around USD 2160.00 trillion in 2020.
Nominal GDP: $2.972 trillion
GDP (PPP): $11.468 trillion
Brazil is South America’s biggest and most populated countries.
Brazil is among the world’s ninth-largest economies in the world 2019, recovering from a socialism-focused economy with a nominal GDP of $1.868 trillion in 2018.
The nation is renowned for its textile, shoe, cement, lumber, iron ore, and tin sectors.
This results in a comparatively powerful industry of agriculture, which accounts for about 6% of the total GDP.
Services (72.8%) and industrial manufacturing (21%) sectors, however, still account for most of the country’s GDP, as in most modern industries.
Brazil continues to recover from a strong 2015 and 2016 recession.
Before the crisis, it revealed financial products in the nations to be considerably greater in 2013 and 2014 at nearly USD 2.5 trillion.
Nominal GDP: $2.072 trillion
GDP (PPP): $2.397 trillion
Italy holds the eighth position in Top 10 economies of the world,
Despite the nation is suffering from political unrest, economic stagnation and the absence of important changes that hold it back.
The industry reported contractions of 2.4% and 1.8% in 2012 and 2013, but in the past few years, the economy has strengthened.
It remains burdened by various long-standing leadership issues, including a rigid labor market,
Stagnant productivity; high tax rates; big, though decreasing, numbers of non-performing loans in the banking sector; and high government debt.
These weaknesses limit the development capacity of the country, maintaining its viewpoint for development below that of its counterparts in Europe.
Its unemployment level remains double-digit, while its government deficit stays tight at around 132% of GDP.
On the positive aspect, financial growth is driven by exports and growth in investments.
Nominal GDP: $2.761 trillion
GDP (PPP): $3.054 trillion
France’s economy accounts for about one-fifth of the European Union’s gross domestic product (GDP).
Services are the main contributor to the economy of the country, with this industry accounting for over 70 percent of GDP.
It is one of the world’s leading manufacturers in the automotive, aviation and rail industries, and cosmetics and luxury goods.
Besides, France has a highly educated workforce and the largest number of science graduates in Europe per thousand workers.
The French economy has sustained the financial crises comparatively well compared to its peers.
Partially protected by low dependence on external trade and stable levels of private consumption, France’s GDP declined only in 2009.
Recovery, yet, has been rather slow and high unemployment levels and continues to be an increasing problem for policymakers, particularly among youth in this seventh strongest economy.
Nominal GDP: $2.972 trillion
GDP (PPP): $11.468 trillion
The nation lists the third position as the largest economies in the world 2019 when comparing GDP of $11.468 trillion in purchasing power parity.
The large population of India drags its nominal GDP percent down to $2,199 when it gets to calculating nominal GDP per capita.
We expect India to surpass both the United Kingdom by 2020 to become the world’s fifth-biggest economy with a nominal GDP of USD 2.9 trillion.
Today, its service sector is the world’s fastest-growing sector, adding to its economy by over 30 percent.
Manufacturing continues one of its key industries and with regular encouraging because of momentum through the initiatives of the government such as “Make in India.”
Despite its agricultural sector’s input has decreased to about 47%, it is still much higher compared to the western countries.
Because of a falling rupee, a persistently high current account balance, and weak industry growth, India started to see a development decline in previous years.
The U.S. intensified this by choice to break quantitative easing as investors started pulling cash out of India quickly.
Recently, India’s economy has exceeded China to become the fastest-growing big economy in the world.
Nominal GDP: $2.829 trillion
GDP (PPP): $3.128 trillion
The UK, with a GDP of $2.829 trillion, holds the fifth spot in top 10 economies in the world 2019.
Compared to GDP buying-power-parity, the UK drops to the ninth spot with a $3.128 trillion GDP-PPP.
It stands 22nd in per capita GDP amounting to $44,177
We project its nominal GDP in 2019 at $2.96 trillion, but we expect its ranking to slip to seventh place by 2023 with $3.47 trillion in GDP.
The UK’s is powered mainly by the services sector, which adds over 75% of GDP with manufacturing, the second prominent sector followed by farming.
There is still time to complete the Brexit negotiations between the UK and the EU, and there is precious little time left to complete them.
Growth is likely to slow next year as Brexit’s uncertainty, which will depress private consumption growth and fixed investment.
But, the slowdown could be reduced by a stronger external sector and stable worldwide supply.
By 2020, with a nominal GDP of USD 3.2 trillion, the UK will remain in the top five strongest economies table.
Nominal GDP: $4 trillion
GDP (PPP): $4.356 trillion
Germany is not only the largest but also the strongest economy in Europe.
On a worldwide scale, with a $4 trillion GDP, it is the fourth largest nominal GDP economy.
The purchasing power parity output of its GDP is $4.35 trillion, while per capita GDP is $48,264 (16th).
The nation has depended on capital good exports, which suffered a setback post-financial crisis of 2008.
It is one of the biggest iron, steel, coal, chemicals, machinery, automobiles, and machine tools suppliers in the world.
Germany has introduced Industrie 4.0 — its strategic plan to develop the nation as a leading market and supplier of advanced production solutions — to sustain its production power in the present worldwide situation.
Nominal GDP: $5.18 trillion
GDP (PPP): $5.75 trillion
In terms of nominal GDP projections, the Japanese economy stands third at USD 5.2 trillion in 2019.
Before the 1990s, Japan was today’s China’s equivalent, exploding in the 1960s, 70s, and 80s.
Since then, however, Japan’s economy has not been as spectacular in terms of development.
With the 2020 Olympics, its economy will gain some boost that keeps the capital flow steady, supported by the Bank of Japan’s lax monetary policy.
Japan’s nominal GDP is $4.97 trillion, which at the close of this financial year is expected to rise to $5.18 trillion.
Japan drops to fourth place when GDP is evaluated in the surplus of PPP; GDP (PPP) in 2018 amounted to $5,594 billion, while GDP per person was $39,306 (24th place).
Nominal GDP: $14.2 trillion
GDP (PPP): $27.3 trillion
Over the previous few decades, China has seen an exponential growth, breaking down the obstacles of a centrally planned communist economy to develop into the world’s production and export hub.
For its enormous manufacturing and export capacity, we often refer China to as the “world’s factory.”
Over the years, the role of services has gradually risen and that of manufacturing has relatively decreased as a contribution to GDP.
Highly in doubt, whether it is the strongest economies in the world but surely holds a top position in the top 10 economies.
Back in 1980, China was the seventh-largest economy with $305.35 billion in GDP, while the U.S. was then $2.86 trillion.
The Asian giant has seen an average annual financial development of 10% per year since it launched market reforms in 1978.
The rate of development has slowed in recent years, although it stays strong compared to peer countries.
With relation to PPP GDP, China is the biggest economy with $27.3 trillion of GDP (PPP). China’s GDP (PPP) would amount to $37.06 trillion by 2023. The vast population of China is bringing its GDP percent down to $10,153.
The state has adopted a new approach to the economy called the “new normal.”
Authorities are implementing a controlled slow down to prevent overheating the economy, which has been slowing development year after year since 2010.
In 2019, we expect the economy to develop by 6.3 percent, which is nothing to look at but a far cry from the annual growth of over 10 percent seen not too long ago.
Nominal GDP: $21.3 trillion
GDP (PPP): $21 trillion
Since 1871, the U.S. has maintained its place as the world’s biggest economy.
The U.S. is often referred to as a financial superpower, and this is because the economy is almost a third of the global economy supported by modern infrastructure, technology, and natural resource wealth.
While the U.S. industry is service-oriented, adding nearly 80% of its GDP, the production adds only about 15% of its output.
The US also has the world’s most technologically strong economy with diverse sectors such as oil, iron, automotive, aerospace, chemicals, electronics, food processing, and consumer goods.
Large U.S. corporations also perform a significant part on the worldwide level, with over one-fifth of the Fortune Global 500 companies coming from the U.S. GDP is forecast to expand by 2.5% in 2019 and by 1.7% in 2020.
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