Some countries are so small that major cities are giants in comparison with them within other countries. 
There are many nations in the globe with a region of less than 400 square kilometers, mostly present in Europe, the Caribbean, and the Pacific. 
The top 10 smallest countries in the world cover a total area less than Houston, Texas.
These small countries are among the wealthiest, most distant, and most fascinating locations in the world with their own laws and culture. 
Let’s glance today at 10 smallest countries in the world.

Top 10 smallest countries:

10.Malta-316 km²

Location:Mediterranean sea

Population:~400,000

Malta is an island in Europe. It is near the center of the Mediterranean Sea, south of Sicily. 
The capital of Malta is Valletta. Around 400,000 people live in Malta and it is one of the most densely populated countries in the world. 
Because of this, it has many cities and towns that grew close to each other.
Another famous tourist destination, for its sunny climate, attractive coasts, rich culture, and lively nightlife, people from all over the globe travel to Malta.
Made up of just 316 km2 for all three islands, Malta is the 10th smallest country in the world by area.

09.Maldives - 300 km²

Location:Indian ocean

Population:~400,000

The Maldives, a famous Indian Ocean tourism destination, is Asia’s smallest country area and population.
The Maldives has over 1,192 coral reefs, distributed over 90,000 square kilometers, rendering it one of the most dispersed nations in the world.
Today, owing to its renowned white sand coasts and crystal blue waters, the Maldives has a flourishing tourism economy.
Many Maldives islands seem to be only 1.5 meters above average sea level.
This low altitude on the ground makes the Maldives the world’s lowest elevation level nation.
Unfortunately, owing to global warming, the increase in sea level is about to erode many islands of the Maldives soon.

08. Saint Kitts and Nevis - 261 km²

Location:Indian ocean

Population:~400,000

These two tiny Caribbean islands were some of the first islands that Europeans inhabited. 
Combined, they occupy most of 261 square kilometers, making Saint Kitts and Nevis the eighth-smallest nation in the world.
Its economy depends on tourism, farming, and small-scale manufacturing.
Because of the plenty of aquatic life, the islands also provide great diving places. 
Today the country has 51538 citizens. We know both islands for their intact coasts, rain forests, and pleasant climate.

07. Marshall Islands - 181 km²

Location:Indian ocean

Population:~400,000

The Marshall Islands comprise hundreds of islands and thousands of islets linked through 29 coral reefs. There are only 24 populated islands with 68,000 residents.
People of Marshall Islands talk Marshallese and English. This tiny island country’s main economies include handicrafts, copra, seafood handling, and tourism.
This nation’s glass transparent green seas are host to 160 marine reefs and 800 fish species.
Also, the Marshall Islands is one of the best scuba diving and snorkeling destinations.

06. Liechtenstein - 160 km²

Location:Indian ocean

Population:~400,000

This is the only nation in the world to be completely situated in the Alps, a German-speaking country. 
Located between Switzerland and Austria, this small country has only 160 square kilometers of land area and 37132 inhabitants. 
Liechtenstein is the richest nation in the world, according to GDP per capita (US$ 25,000). 
Getting into the nation is a bit difficult because within its territory there is no airport. 
Visitors have to travel through Zurich Airport in Switzerland to reach this Alpine country that is still governed by a prince!
Liechtenstein is the sixth smallest state in the world with 160 square kilometers.

05. San Marino - 61 km²

Location:Indian ocean

Population:~400,000

San Marino is the third smallest country in Europe, with a total area of 61 square kilometers. 
This tiny nation is encircled completely by Italy. San Marino is also Europe’s earliest republic, established in A.D. 301. San Marino has only 30,000 occupants.
There are nine municipalities in the country, and the capital is San Marino City. 
San Marino is also one of the world’s wealthiest per GDP nations. Also famous for having more cars than its population is San Marino. 
San Marino’s economy is focused primarily on tourism, banking, and textiles.

04. Tuvalu - 26 km²

Location:Indian ocean

Population:~400,000

The tiny country of Tuvalu is made up of five atolls and four islands in the Western Pacific. This small island country has only 11,000 inhabitants. 
Its highest point is about 4.5 meters from average sea level.
This leaves Tuvalu’s tiny islands susceptible to rising sea levels. In this nation, there is only one airport in the atoll of Funafuti.
Tourism is not very strong for the place of the country far away from major countries. Less than 3,000 tourists arrived in Tuvalu in 2019.

3. Nauru - 21 km²

Location:Indian ocean

Population:~400,000

Nauru is the world’s smallest island country with an area of 21 km2. Nauru is also the world’s second least populated country, with only 9378 residents. 
It’s a great island of phosphate rock.
From 1960 to 1970, the extraction of this valuable resource became the country’s primary source of revenue. 
But the excessive mining leads to depletion of the great resource phosphate. Surrounded by coral reefs, this island nation is renowned for white sandy shores. 
But Nauru’s tourism is limited. The main industries in Nauru are phosphate mining, coconut items, and overseas banking.

02. Monaco - 2 km²

Location:Indian ocean

Population:~400,000

Located on the French Riviera, Monaco is home to the world’s per capita wise most millionaires and billionaires. 
It is also the second-smallest nation in the world, with a complete region of only 2 square kilometers. 
Monaco is a favorite playground for the wealthy and celebrities, known for its gambling and luxury goods and services sector.
Another significant appeal in Monaco is Monaco Grand Prix, as it’s one of the world’s most famous races. 
The inhabitants of Monaco are mostly French-speaking, as bordered by France on three sides and on one side by the Mediterranean Sea.

01. Vatican City - 0.44 km²

Location:Indian ocean

Population:~400,000

While one of the most recognizable people on the planet is the most renowned citizen of the Vatican, The Pope, the population of his country does not even build up the half-thousand limit.
Vatican City is the smallest country by area in the world, with only 0.44 square kilometers.
Its revenue arises from the collective donations of over 1 billion Roman Catholic Church members around the world.
The rest of its economy works from the selling of museum postmarks, tourist memorabilia, and entry charges.

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