Top 10 Interesting Indus Valley Civilization Facts

Of the four great ancient civilizations, three were studiedextensively and were known to almost all individuals, Mesopotamia, Egypt, and China.
The fourth civilization, the Indus Valley Civilisation, which prospers along the flood plains of the Rivers Indus and Gaggar-Hakra, is lost in human memory.
Today, relative to other cultures, they know little about this technologically advanced society.
Check out these less well-known facts about the civilization of Indus Valley that just deserve to be shared.
The more you think about them, the more involved you are in understanding them.

10. Politics

The fact that there was no mention of a ruler or a powerful authority throughout the region is one factor that made this culture such unique and surprised scholars.
We know nothing of their system of governance. While it is clear that there is little or no proof that such an ordered and hierarchical community could exist without local or central regulation.
Contrary to any civilization in which a king or a priest was the main figure of the whole political structure, nobody has ever found such a figure references.
A terracotta figure of what is supposed to be the priest-king is the closest depiction of a figure.
The lack of a structure that can be seen as of fundamental importance like a palace or a temple is another amazing fact which surprised the researchers.
The appearance of a temple or a palace distinguished every other early civilization.
There are several public bathrooms and granaries, but a palace or temple can not be connected with a structure even remotely.
Many scholars have assumed that the cities of Indus Valley are an egalitarian society.
There were no imagery engravings, no evidence, or weapons found in the cities of any kind of war activities in civilization.
No one has seen such a picture of Harappan cities relative to Mesopotamian city-states, which were continuously warring and portraying their warfare in their art and written works.
There has been very little awareness of its political and religious structure. We don’t know who or how they worshipped god.
There have been several discussions about the same matter, but it is hard to say anything.

9. Discovery

Mehrgarh was a small farming town that began in even before pre-Harappan times.
It is one of the oldest agricultural and livestock sites in South Asia ever discovered.
The Indus Valley Civilization (IVC) was a Bronze Age civilization from the present-day northeast of Afghanistan to Pakistan and northwest India (3300-1300 BCE; mature period 2600-1900 BCE).
In the basins of the Indus River, one of Asian’s major rivers and the Ghaggar-Hakra River once traveled across north-western India and eastern Pakistan it was, together with Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia one of the three earliest civilizations of the old world and the three most widespread ones.
By 1999, there had been more than 1,056 cities and towns, 96 of them excavated, mainly in the general region and tributaries of the Indus and Ghaggar-Hakra rivers.
The settlements include Harappa’s main urban centers, Mohenjo-Daro, the Dholavira, Ganeriwala in Cholistan and Rakhigarhi.
One is the UNESCO World Heritage Site.

8. Use of Seals

It contains seals in over 4,000 plain rectangular stone tablets. There are also seals made from at least a dozen other materials.
The seals contain pictures and inscriptions of humans, godlike beings, etc.
Certain seals were used to stamp clay on commercial goods, but they probably also were used for other purposes.
When the inscriptions were not yet decrypted, it is hard to tell exactly what the “seals” are supposed to do.
Included in various objects, at least 400 distinct symbols are found. Such symbols are usually shown in 3-20 strings even though scholars did best they couldn’t interpret or translate them in any way.
This is one of the main reasons why we know little about this civilization.
Some scholars argue even whether these symbols should be considered a script since no text exceeding 20 symbols was ever found.
Others believe that these symbols only refer to names and give no real significance.
Analyzes of these scripts by computer revealed that these symbols are a blend of sounds and concepts like the Hieroglyphs of Egypt.
Nevertheless, this remains a mystery due to the absence of any translation medium.

7. First dentist in the world

In 2001, archeologists from Mehrgarh (Pakistan) investigating the remains of two men found that people who were living in the Indus Valley Civilization had the awareness of dentistry since the early Harappa period.
In April 2006, the scientific journal Nature later declared that there was first evidence in Mehrgarh for the drilling of human teeth.
In a Neolithic graveyard of Mehrgarh dating back to 5,500 BC–7,000 BC, eleven drilled molar crowns from 9 adults were discovered.
The researchers conclude their findings to suggest some kind of proto-dentistry tradition in the region’s early Indus cultures.

6. Harappan people developed the most precise measurements humanity had at the time.

The stone cubes are specifically designed for weights that increase in ratio from 5:2:1, with weight ranging units 0.05, 0.1, 0.2, 0.5, 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 200, 500.
The cubes have been detected by archaeologists. The weights currently do not match any of Egypt or Mesopotamia’s existing systems at the time.
It is, therefore, safe to conclude that this is a system invented locally.
In Lothal in Gujarat markings on an ivory scale show their smallest split was around 1.704 mm, the smallest division ever in the Bronze Age.

5. They used to worship Lord Shiva

Thousands of graved seals, amulets, usually steatite, agate, chert, copper, faience, and terracotta were discovered from Harappan sites.
A famous seal shows a figure in a position recalling the location of the lotus and surrounded by animals.
This describes a god Pashupati Mahadev that is the beloved counterpart to the Vedic lord Shiva, the Indus civilization.
In addition to other fertility and phallic symbols, it is widely agreed that the Harappan people worshiped a Mother Goddess.
The recovery of many figurines from nearly every excavated site shows that the worship of Mother Goddess or the cult of fertility in civilization was widespread and popular.

4. Revolutionary design of Houses

The civilization of the Indus Valley had excellent masons who could manufacture load-bearing brick structures with ease up to two stories.
The houses have a central courtyard and an accessible flat terrace.

3. Urban planning

A well-planned road grid and a complex drainage system indicated that the people in ancient cities of Indus civilization were skilled urban planners who affixed importance to water management.
Wells has been found in the city, and almost every house has a clearly defined bathing area and a covered drainage system.
Archaeologist noticed a highly advanced water management network in Mohenjo-Daro with 80 public sanitary facilities and over 700 wells.
The growing house had its own bathroom and wells were strategically located for all neighborhoods to provide water. A system for stocking rainwater also existed.
The discovery of Great Bath’s first public water tank reveals their architectural ability.

2. Biggest Civilization in Ancient world

In geographical terms, the Indus Valley was largest among the four ancient civilizations, Mesopotamia, Egypt, and China.
In the area was 1,260,000 sq. It was distributed. It stretched across present-day India, Pakistan, and Afghanistan.
On today’s map, if a state existed, it would be 22nd between Niger and Angola.
This civilization spread from Ghaggar-Hakra Valley to the east and west side of the Balochistan River to the Makran, from Afghanistan to Daimabad in Maharashtra to the south.
The civilization of the Indus Valley had a total population of more than five million people. It is higher than overall New Zealand’s current population.
Most of its people were craftsmen and traders. In more than 1056 cities and settlements of Harappan, 96 of which were excavated have been found.
They are located mainly in the broad regions of the rivers Indus and Ghaggar-Hakra and their affluents.
The main urban centers were Harappa, Mohenjo-Daro, Dholavira, Ganeriwala, and Rakhigarhi.

1. Mysterious death

Excavations to Mohenjodaro’s streets revealed 44 skeletons scattered across the streets as though they had just come so suddenly that they could not reach their homes.
All the bones, including a son, a mother and a baby still holding hands are flattened to the ground.
Archeologists have found that these people have all been dead by violence, but the causes of the violence remain unexplained.
Lying in the streets in distorted positions within layers of scratches, ashes, and debris.
The sudden decline of Indus Valley civilization has long been a matter of wonder among archeologists.
There is no convincing evidence that any town in Harappan has ever been burned, flooded, physically attacked, or taken by force inside.
It is more likely that after natural disasters or rivers such as Indus and Ghaghra-Hakkar collapsed the cities have changed course.
This would have affected the local agricultural economy and the development of society as a trade center.
Through the continuous digs and anthropological work, the disappearance of this enigmatic civilization is certainly a mystery.
There are Six possible theories-

  1. The nearby desert penetrated the fertile region and made it unfertile.
  2. The area has been devastated by frequent floods.
  3. Aryan invaders killed and destroyed the civilization of the Indus Valley. The people of Harappan enjoyed harmony. They had no weapons to strike or protect themselves against others. They had hunting or farming equipment. So they couldn’t stand up to the attackers.
  4. The end was caused in part by shifting habits of the flow. Such changes included the Hakra River’s drying up and changes in the Indus River course. The river shifts affected agricultural and economic systems, and many people left the Indus Valley region’s cities.
  5. Destruction was triggered by earthquakes and epidemics.
  6. There is an increasing number of “alternative archeologists” and scholars who have not settled for hypotheses that do not adequately explain the conditions of the skeletal remains and have found other explanations. One such individual is the British Indian scholar David Davenport, who spent twelve years studying ancient Hindu scripts and evidence at the site where once stood the great city. Atomic Destruction in his book in 2000 B.C. This shows some shocking findings: the artifacts found on the site seemed to be fused, glassified by the heat of up to 1500 ° C, accompanied by rapid cooling. There seemed to be an’ epicenter’ within the city itself about 50 yards wide in which everything was crystallized, fused or melted, and 60 yards from the middle the bricks were melted on one. In his book Riddles of Ancient History, Gorbovsky reported that at least one human skeleton had been found in the region with a radioactivity rate of about 50 times higher than it should have been due to natural radiation. Davenport said that what was observed in Mohenjo Daro was exactly in line with what was seen in Nagasaki and Hiroshima.

In a variety of ways, regional cultures came into being following the collapse of the Indus civilization, showing the influence of the Indus civilization.

Top 10 biggest flowers in the world

Biggest flower in the world

Flowers have beautified the landscape of this planet for millions of years.
They succeeded and proved highly effective with their basic deceptive adaptive development–using color and scents to make insects and animals pollinate them.
Floral plants today are one of the planet’s most complex living groups.

10. Lotus

largest flower in the world

The lotus flower is one of the world’s most recognizable and sacred plants.
The stunning flower is a universal symbol of some of history’s most influential cultures and religions.
Lotus are commonly found in white and pink colors and grow in murky and shallow waters.
Lotus flowers need warm sunlight to grow and are cold climate intolerant.
This flower would not flourish in winter consequently. The lotus plant is aquatic in nature.
Under muddy still water it thrives, with its roots in the deeper sludge. The short twigs go up into the water and the waxy waterproof leaves sit right on or above the water surface.
The flower’s bloom which is above the water surface commonly has a diameter up to 20 centimeters (7 inches) when fully matured.

9. Magnolia

top 10 biggest flowers

One of the first flowering plants on Earth is supposed by researchers to be magnolias.
Fossil fossils prove that they have been on Earth for around 100 million years, according to scientific research.
Because magnolia is so old, the flowers have no real petals and sepals; they have petal-like tepals instead.
The flowers are not really nectar-producing, but they do attract pollinating beetles with fragrant and sweet secretions.
Magnolia flowers come according to variety in various shapes, sizes, and colors.
The magnolia family comprises high and fluffy trees with pink, white, red, purple, yellow blossoms.
Most magnolia varieties have wide bulbs measuring 6 to 8 inches in diameter.

8. Hibiscus

These large, colorful flowers are known as hibiscus or Hibiscus sabdariffa.
Such flowers will surely beautify a home or garden prettily but they are also used for medicine.
Hibiscus may be red, yellow white and peach, and can be as wide as much as 8 inches in diameter.
The hibiscus family is a mix of diverse plants–from annuals to perennials and shrubs–famed for their large, audacious bloom, often as big as a plate.

7. Tree peony

biggest flower in the world

Common peony is an exquisite flower. However, its bigger counterpart, the tree peony is a very different plant.
Tree peonies are woody shrubs; with no support, as some grow at 10 feet high.
They have many forms, colors, and fragrances, and their flowers are much bigger and typically bloom about two weeks earlier than herby peonies.
They are used as decorative ornaments as well as in medicine in China.

6. Common Sunflower

biggest flower in the world name

Sunflowers are mainly from North and South America, and some species are cultivated in farms for the spectacular sizes of their blossom and for their edible seeds (which is used to make sunflower oil or can directly be eaten roasted.
At least 6-8 hours of direct sunlight per day are needed for the sunflowers, the better if you try to maximize their potential for size. 
The excessive blooming of gigantic sunflowers is difficult to top.
On towering stems, the Russian variety opens flowers up to 14 inches in diameter, 9 to 12 feet high.
This is the edible sunflower which is grown to eat seeds. Seeds are generally sown in spring while the crop is harvested at the end of summer.

5. Puya raimondii

most big sized flower in the world

Puya raimondii is the largest bromeliad species, with a height up to 15m and is also known as the queen of the Andes. 
This type of plan is found in Bolivian and Peruvian forests from the high Andes. 
The flower can reach a height of up to 30 feet which contains 8-12 million seeds per plant.
The Queen of the Andes in the wild have only three populations. Most of the bromeliad has thousands of species, but Puya raimondii has very small genetic diversity.
Puya raimondii currently are on a verge of extinction because it is unable to adapt to climate change and deforestation.

4. Neptune grass (Posidonia oceanica)

largest flower in the world

The Posidonia Oceanica which is also named “Neptune grass”, has been sequenced by a group of scientists to be around 200,000 old seaweeds covering ocean floors from Spain to Cyprus.
The plant has roots, twigs, leaves, flowers, and it creates fruits known as sea olives.
It should not be confused with algae. It flowers in the autumn.
The leaves are tape-shaped, measuring between 1 cm in width and between 30 and 120 cm in length.
This aquatic plant lives in the Mediterranean Sea and in certain areas south of Australia, with similar characteristics to dry land.
Among the many strengths of Neptune Grass is that it oxidizes the oceans and is also a food source for many animal species.
Its appearance also indicates that the water is of good quality and is well stored. Posidonia Oceanica is often termed as “The Mediterranean’s Lungs”.

3. Talipot palm

Talipot palm, originating from Southern India, is one of the world’s largest palms.
It has a height of up to 25 m and a diameter of stems of up to 1.3 m.
It is a palm fan with a diameter of up to 5 m, a petiole up to 4 m and up to 130 leaflets.
The Talipot Palm has one or more million small flowers, the largest inflorescence in any plant, 6-8 m long, on a branched trunk stitched on top of a trunk.
The Talipot palms are monocarpic, which means they flower only once at the age of 30 to 80.
It has many uses and is as useful as coconut in its native region and is fruits are called ice apple which are surprisingly tasty.

2. Titan arum

Amorphophallus titanum

Amorphophallus titanium is the flowering plant with the greatest unbranched inflorescence in the world that bloom rarely for a short period.
Its flower releases while it is in bloom and emits a smell smiliar to rotten corpse.
The florescence of the titan arum is not as large as the talipot palm but rather branches off unlike tailpot which make it a bigger flower.
The plant itself reaches approximately 10 to 15 feet in height, and the leaves can be as large as 13 feet (4 m).
The tallest recorded blloom of corpse flower according to Gunniess Book of World records was 10 feet 2.225 inch tall.⠀
On June 18, 2010, it flowered in the Gilford, New Hampshire, Winnipesaukee Orchids.
In the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN), the corpse flower is classified as “vulnerable” in the Red List of Threatened Plants.
However if the conditions that affect its life and reproduction do not change, the plant may become endangered. Habitat loss and devastation are the primary threat.

1. Rafflesia arnoldii

biggest flower in the world rafflesia arnoldii

Rafflesia arnoldii is the largest flower in the world that has a diameter of over three feet.
This parasitic plant is steady, not visible externally until it is about to bloom, with no roots, stems, twigs, or leaves.
Buds arise slowly over months to the size of the cabbage without a sign of the contaminated host plant. This flower too has a rotten corpse smell (more intense than Titan arum).
While the flies gain no benefit from the flowers, the pollen sticks to its back as they rest on the bloom, attracted by its rotten meat scent.
When these flies pass into a female flora, the pollen is released in the flowers so it can be fertilized.
The produced fruit has thousands of seeds and is fleshy and small. Such fruits are consumed by tree shrews, which then continue to disperse the plant’s seeds (by excretion).
Since Rafflesia is a unisexual plant and an uncommon one, flies sitting on a male’s bloom and bringing pollen from that flower have tiny chances of sitting on a female’s bloom and passing pollen into a female for fertilization.
Rafflesia arnoldii is currently considered one of the world’s most endangered plant species.
The International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) also classifies certain Rafflesian species such as Rafflesia Magnifica as “critically endangered.”
Rafflesia’s two primary factors contributing to the extinction of these species are the limited geographic area of this species and deforestation.

Top 10 Rarest Animals in the World

rarest animal in the world

The survival of endangered species by breeding and destruction of habitats and the effects of climate change is the main threat posed by human beings. Read about what beautiful animals need our assistance, protection and preservation most.

10. Pangolin

top 10 endangered animals

You probably have never heard of the shy and nocturnal Pangolin, which lives in Asia and Africa’s forests and grasslands.
Pangolins are cute and small (approximately house cat’s size) and they protect themselves if they feel threatened by curling up in a circle.
They are also incredibly famous and the most trafficked mammal in the world.
For their scales and their meat, people catch them. It is estimated that every year up to 100,000 pangolins are caught.
Conservationists struggle to save the pangolin, the world’s most illegally sold mammal before it is “eaten to extinction”.
Its meat in China, Vietnam and elsewhere in South-East Asia is considered a delicateness, whereas scales are valuable for traditional medicine.
In India, China, South-East Asia and parts of Africa there are still eight species.

9. Javan Rhino

top 10 endangered species

Javan Rhinoceros is one of the only five sub-specious & is closest to Indian Rhino but small in size than its Indian counterpart.
The Javan Rhinos were once abundant in Indonesia and Southeast Asia but are now only about sixty (searched into two known populations) in the wild.
They are now on the Critically Endangered list. In captivity, there are no Javan Rhinos.
We can consider the Vietnam War as the biggest reason for Javan Rhino’s depletion, as it has severely depleted its natural habitat, is considered as one of the biggest disruptions to the existence of Javan Rhino.
Blackmarket hunters are looking for their horns like other rhino populations.
In the last 15 years, only two female Sumatran rhinoceros have bred successfully, but efforts to breed over captivity have not performed well.

8. Red Wolf

vulnerable species

The Red Wolf is the Gray Wolf’s cousin. Although native to Florida and the southeast, in eastern North Carolina you may find just around 25 to 40 of them that live in the wild.
Red wolves are classified by the IUCN as critically endangered. Conservation efforts to save the animals have been made but they are still on the verge of extinction.
These species are known for their shyness and lifelong mating. In fact, in the wild in 1980, the Red Wolf was deemed extinct.
The number of Red Wolves in captivity has risen to 207, and there are now around 100 in the wild.
A success story, sure, but there are still causes that have contributed to the Red Wolf’s endangerment, including the serious decline of their hunting ground.
Fortunately, there are wildlife reserves, so these wolves are protected against urban expansion in their natural habitat.

7. Okapi

rare animals

Although this animal sometimes calls forest giraffes, it looks nothing like a giraffe until you look closer.
It has a long tongue, yet its limbs have black and white stripes like a zebra and have a physique like a horse.
Okapi is the giraffe’s sole living relative. Both belong to the family of Giraffidae, with giraffes are of the genus of Giraffa and Okapi are of Okapia.
The history of the Okapi appears to be back in ancient Egypt, where wall gravings have been found since then.
There were stories of an “African Unicorn” in Europe and Asia before the 20th century. Now it is assumed that it is about the Okapi.
In 1887, Henry Morton Stanley described a kind of donkey named “Atti” in the Congo.
Today we know it that THAT species could be also the Okapi. Scientists, zoologists, and scholars today are much better acquainted with these animals.
The reality that the genus Okapia johnstoni was a ‘true fossil’, a living creature who seems the way his ancient ancestors are and does not live in close relations, for example, the fact that they are like the giraffe, given its zebra-liking coloring.

6. Amur Leopard

We also know Amur leopards as an Eastern leopard which is one of the most endangered cats in the world.
This is a solitary, nocturnal leopard with an estimated wild population of over 84 individuals who live primarily in the Amur basin in eastern Russia with some spread around neighboring China and a new sanctuary built-in 2012.
The leopards in Amur have the lowest levels of genetic variation (mating with genetic relatives) than any leopard subspecies, leaving them particularly vulnerable to extinction.
Amur leopard is a leopard subspecies with a thick coat and long thick hair, which varies on their environments from creamy yellow to rusty orange.
Rosettes (spots) have thicker black borders and are more widespread than other leopard subspecies.
Their legs are also larger and the paw size is also larger than other subspecies, which makes their movement in deep snow easier.
Despite human interference plays a major role in the endangered state of Amur leopards, their low degree of genetic variation for recent population decrease causes many health problems including decreased fertility.

5. The Elephant Shrew

top 10 endangered animals

This little African rodent is the golden-rumped elephant shrew.
In the elephant shrew family, it is the largest genus with its closest relative, the gray sengi.
The shrew is known as gold-rumped elephant shrew as at threat primarily because of scattered forests and anthropological circumstances.
Their population is most prominent in Kenya’s Arabuko Sokoke Reserve, but because of deforestation and expansion of its ecosystem was destroyed.
They are captured in traps but because of their terrible taste, they are not used as a food source.

4. Angel Shark

We can find these species in the Black Sea, Mediterranean, and Northern Atlantic.
Overfishing is one of the reasons for their decline. In the Canary Islands and the Southern Caribbean, there are only a small number of Angel Sharks.
This animal lies under the sand to hunt looking for fish to swim in the area. Angel sharks mostly eat small fish and other small marine animals.

3. Golden Tabby Tiger

Only in captivity is this type of rare tiger found. Unlike other tigers, it has a recessive gene and is sometimes called the Strawberry Tiger and Golden Tabby.
Such tigers have a majority of genes similar to Bengal tigers, but typically have Amur tiger genes in their lineage.
The last appearance in the wilderness of golden tiger was in the early 1900s in India and their unusually associated with areas with high concentrations of clay on the soil.
We know fewer than 30 of these tigers to exist in captivity.

2. Vaquita

The vaquita is the smallest of the marine mammals, around four feet and a half in size.
In Spanish, the name of the animal means “little cow.”
We now estimate that only about 10-15 vaquitas are still present and that their population has decreased at an astonishing rate.
The species is native to Mexico and California. Fishermen who use gillnets are constantly reducing their numbers, threatening their existence.
In cooperation with international environmental scientists, animal care professionals and marine mammal veterinarians, the Marine Mammal Institute is working to protect vaquita by demanding removal gillnets.

1. Saola

endangered animals

If you never heard of the saola, don’t feel bad. This animal is so rare that scientific researchers only have seen it four times in the wild (yes, four times).
This is the only reason why they are referred to as Asian unicorn.
Saola is known for the two horns on his head and the white marks on its face, which are only found in Laos and Vietnam.
Saolas are closely related to cattle, but they look like antelopes a little more.
The main causes of Saola’s risk of extinction are poaching and the loss of its natural habitat.
It can be even more threatened through the loss of habitat and fragmentation because of its restrictive habitat requirements and aversion to human proximity.
Saola has suffered losses as a result of local hunting and illegal trade in furs, medicines as food and meat.

Top 10 UNESCO World Heritage Sites by Country list

UNESCO world heritage sites

From the horrors of the Second World War and to propagate peace the United Nations Education Science and Culture Organization (UNESCO) emerged.
Some of the most amazing places of ancient times have been lost and isolated from the world for centuries or even thousands, scattered in jungles, deserts and agricultural fields around the globe.
The stories of abandoned towns or the revelations of the ordinary lives of people have contributed to incredible results open to the world.
Many are World Cultural Heritage sites designated by UNESCO.

10. Cesky Krumlov, Czech Republic

unesco world heritage sites by country

Benedictines of Český Krumlov were built to surround one of the best-looking castles in the Czech Republic.
The completed castle which began its construction in 1240 AD has architectural features Renaissance, Gothic, and Baroque overlays.
For over five decades, this medieval city has kept its architectural history and its riverside views, paved streets, and regular cultural events.
This picturesque small village is on the top lists of many visitors on a wider trip across the Czech Republic.
Cesky Krumlov is also home to friendly local people inside the castle, and it is a great place to meet tourists from all over the world.

Why should you visit-
Visiting this city you may feel its architectural history with eastern European culture.

9. The Nubian Monuments, Egypt

Abu Simbel is a small town with a magnificent view of the desert and lake and special fame claim to two enormous temples which were saved from the rising water of Lake Nasser.
Now Abu Simbel’s original location is well underneath the water. Once however the Aswan High Dam was completed in the 1960s and it was clear that this gem would forever be lost in rising water level, the world reacted.
The Temple of Ramses II contains four over 20 meters high Ramses statues, the Temple of Hathor one of the most preserved in Egypt, and each temple is impressive in its own right.
It was not just important for Egypt that they rescued the Nubian temples of Abu Simbel from the rising Nile, but revolutionized the overall approach to heritage conservation.
In 1968, they cut the Ramses II complex into 2,000 parts in around 1260 BC and moved to higher ground–piece by piece.
It is now the headline of a UNESCO site which included other Nubian monuments, including Philae’s shrine of Isis, and a firm conservation symbol.
The United Nations is committed to preserving and protecting the United Nations World Heritage site for future generations considering this ongoing crisis.

Why should you visit-
A deeper look into ancient Egyptian civilization & symbol it represent.

8. Cape Floral Region, South Africa

In Cape Town, South Africa there is a park called the Table Mountain National Park.
Most visitors find it a beautiful view. Table Mountain National Park, however, encompasses the Cape Peninsula area of 85 sq. m.
Most of the cape is in UNESCO World Heritage Site in the Cape Floral Protected Areas Region. More than 20 percent of the whole flora biodiversity of Africa dwells here, despite its small area.
Cape Peninsula to Cape Point is the best way to experience this habitat.

Why should you visit-Flowers everywhere, closest resemblance to paradise.

7. Hampi

unesco world heritage list

This small town is really a hidden gem in Southern India.
Hampi ruins are protected by the UNESCO because they are thought to give visitors to the temples an insightful experience.
The remains of the final great Hindu kingdom are found in this splendid city.
Temple, entrance gates, forts and more remain over 1,600 pieces, created during the Vijayanagara Empire.
The city has a rocky topography that is ideal for those who love climbing, with a landscape defined by hills, open plains, and the river Tungabhadra.

Why should you visit-
A look into classical ancient Indian architecture and its unique topography.

6. Great Barrier Reef, Australia

top 10 unesco world heritage sites

One of Australia’s best-known destinations is this incredible view for marine wildlife.
The Great Barrier Reef has a total length of over 2,300 kilometers and 900 islands!
It is Australia’s top marine attraction and is the biggest coral reef system in the world.
The reef extends for over 2,300 kilometers, from Queensland Northern to Bundaberg coastal town, and is one of the most vibrant ecosystems in the world.
It is the only living ecosystem visible from the space that is so large this network of beaches, coasts, coral cays, seagrass beds, and mangroves.

Why should you visit-
Some of the most popular things to do include SCUBA diving and snorkeling along the shimmering coral reefs, sailing around idyllic tropical islands, fishing in designated zones, peering at the abundant marine life from a glass-bottomed boat, and soaring over this magnificent natural wonder on a scenic flight.

5. Acropolis, Greece

unesco world heritage sites by country

The Acropolis is a proud monument to ancient Greece that stands over the city of Athens from its highest perch.
Built around 5th to the 4th centuries BC, the Parthenon is the most famous structure and symbol of the history of this country. It dominates the site.
The Acropolis is a powerful sight, bright daytime in the Mediterranean sun and lighted up for dramatic effects in the night just steps away from modern Athens.
The city itself is a breathtaking sight for first-time visitors to other parts of Greece, and it sets the stage for travelers.
Distinguished sculptors and architects eventually designed by architects of these monuments for theater, democracy, philosophy, speech, and freedom of expression.
The Acropolis is one of the most important ancient sites in the world and is highlighted by the Parthenon.

Why should you visit-
It’s perfect for history buffs hoping for a closer look at ancient Greek civilization.

4. Kathmandu valley, Nepal

top 10 unesco world heritage sites in the world

Central Nepal has several major historical sites that make up the UNESCO World Heritage Site in the Kathmandu Valley.
Two Buddhist stupas, two Hindu shrines, and three beautiful sites, which are the main cultural locations in Nepal would be included.
Two biggest world religions(Hinduism as 3rd, Buddhism as 4th) and the cultural heritage we have built live together in these places.
Unfortunately, a number of these sites were severely damaged or completely destroyed by an earthquake on 25 April 2015, including the Durbar Square in Kathmandu.

Why should you visit-
Ancient Hindu & Buddhist temples with magnificent natural surroundings. 

3. Yellowstone National Park, USA

We know the park for its spectacular landscape, diverse flora and fauna and fascinating wonders of geothermal life.
The world’s first national park sits on a hot spot with volcanic views, fun activities and sightseeing of wildlife.
It’s easy to see why it is one of the biggest parks in the USA, home to lush forests, hot springs, alpine rivers, geysers, and more.

Why should you visit-
Yellowstone boasts the world’s largest number of active geysers and offers a window into the powerful forces deep beneath the earth’s crust, the same forces that shaped this park and its dazzling and dramatic landscapes. The scenery ranges from snaking rivers and sweeping green valleys, to canyons, vast lakes, thundering waterfalls, and hissing lunar-like landscapes.

2. Machu Picchu, Peru

top unesco world heritage sites

Without Machu Picchu, a visit to South America is not complete. This Inca-built fortress is about 8,000 ft above sea level and is a unique experience to reach.
The natural beauty is unmatched in the Andes and Amazon Basin. You will find a rich landscape and varied flora and fauna when traveling through the clouds.
Make sure that you have a handy camera to capture old buildings, flashy views, and local llamas camels. ⠀
There’s a good cause: it’s stunning totally. Machu Picchu is a kind of amazing place where visitors can rest and catch the feeling.
Everything you see, Machu Picchu is better in general. Everything you hear. No better than to stand on the Hut and Funerary Rock of the Caretaker and take in the view.

Why should you visit-
you’ll find a rich landscape or diverse flora and fauna

1. Angkor wot,Cambodia

top 10 unesco world heritage sites

Angkor Wat in Cambodia is the largest temple in the world. This UNESCO World Heritage Site provides visitors with great insight into the evolution of adventures and how time can change things dramatically.
Angkor City is one of the most significant–and spectacular–archeological sites in Southeast Asia.
The capital of the prosperous Khmer Empire was the capital city from the 9th to 15th centuries AD.
The area is over 100 sq miles surrounded by lush forests and has an almost endless number of temples and monuments.
At sunrise, visit the famed Angkor Wat, dance along with a pool and then go to the Bayon Temple and look at the sculpted sculptures.
This architectural masterpiece is one of the most visited historic sites in the world and attracts over two million visitors a year.

Why should you visit-
Inside a look into Javan style architecture with beautiful forest around it. 

Some amazing sites have been around for hundreds of years attracting tourists and are just as interesting when first found.
It might be a cliché to say that there was never a better time to explore the world’s greatest sites.
There is a list of 1,073 locations and a new lot was added each July, thus protecting their posterity. It’s a beautiful variety, a lush treat for everyone (Naturists to Historians).
But everybody has the idea that the world is more enriching, fascinating and united.

Top 10 Dangerous Dog Breeds in the World

top 10 dangerous dogs

Dogs have been part of the human world since the beginning of their domestication.
They are used to protecting livestock because of their instinctive guarding ability.
These animals are remarkably intelligent, which makes them great and loyal companions.
While often described as “the best friend of man,” these animals were not meant to communicate spontaneously with humans.
Almost every dog can cause unimaginable harm and danger, but some breeds show more deadly aggressive responses to bite causing serious injury! It depends on breed to breed.
Based on how many attacks have been recorded & commom aggresive temperament concerning average size (Like Chihuahuas are aggresive but cannot be considered that dangerous)
These are top 10 most dangerous dog breeds in the world:

10.Siberian Husky

dangerous dog breeds

Huskies was a traditional breed of domesticated dogs used as sled dogs in the northern regions.
Very athletic and good to move goods luggage with thick coats and unique color fur pattern and an impressive face mask with special blue eyes.
Most of the Huskies love people and are friendly, social creatures. The owners will say to you that their dog is humble, intelligent, alert and gentle.
However, Huskies are always fired up and active, so aggressive behavior can certainly lead in some way or other.
Mixing large dogs with young children is not a great idea.
Especially if the dog is not familiar with people involved around it, things may go bad with children left alone with husky.
The Siberian Huskies, however, is a dangerous dog, regardless of the size and age of the casualty as the statistics prove it.

9. Boxer

world dangerous dog

Boxers are hunting dogs, and since we raised them we human beings have used them as attacking dogs or as watchdog! 
They’ve got a strong jaw and bite force–perfect to protect! 
The majority of Boxers are dominant dogs and show aggression against other dogs of the same sex. They are sometimes aggressive to humans as well.
Like huskies, many of the attacks by the Boxer involve children simply because they don’t know how to act around with these dogs. 
Unless we not properly handle this breed, situations can quickly become dangerous and even fatal.
Shabbily trained or bred Boxers could harm a person, especially a child, to a considerable extent.
Such dogs were indeed bred in Germany for hunting and to compete in dog fightings. You never know how or when natural instincts will kick in.
But they can turn out very offensive attackers if they are not properly trained! 
The other thing to remember when training boxers is that harsh treatment and we should avoid punishments as these factors can make things worse!

8. Akita

most dangerous dog in the world

The Akita is a large and strong breed of dogs with a noble, bullying presence.
They were initially used in feudal Japan to protect kingship and nobility. Akita was also petted to hunt wild boars, black bears and sometimes deer.
The Akita doesn’t stand back and scare easily from threats. They are therefore courageous and faithful stewards of their families but only if properly trained and socialized; They are caring, friendly, and fun dogs.
An Akita when lonely or bored can make it extremely prone to attack.
This breed needs positive socialization and consistent, regular training. They often respond with rage attacks if they are abused or badly treated.
A dog especially Akita considers long-term eye contact to be a challenge, which can be violent at any moment.
The Akita is a courageous and willing dog who is naturally diligent about outsiders but very loyal to its family.
Sometimes, they are often hostile to other dogs, especially same-sex ones, that’s why they are best suited for the household who plans in keeping only one dog otherwise they may harm other dogs as well.
This dog breed will be vicious if permitted or if not properly raised.

7. Alaskan Malamute

deadliest dog

The Alaskan Malamute is like the Siberian or Alaskan Husky breed but is much larger They’re not aggressive dogs in general as many owners will tell you, that they are good with people including children.
These are big dogs that were originally grown for freight transportation in snowy regions.
They maintain a strong drive to hunt down and capture prey from their ancestors.
This sometimes occurs as attacks on other animals or dogs; sometimes as attacks on children.
Around 1966 and 1980 in the United States, five deaths were because of the Malamute attacks.
The main problem, however, is that the Malamute, like the Husky, has a ton of energy that needs to be used on productive use (sledding or hunting).
Until their activeness is not transmuted or used for a long time, their behavior could be violent.
It is likely incompetent owners who drive the Malamute to show aggression.
These dogs require physical and mental stimulation to keep your mind and body healthy.
Such dogs weigh up to 50 kg, so it can certainly prove risky to encounter an angry Alaskan malamute.

6. Mastiff (English & Bull)

dangerous dogs list

Powerful, fierce, and strongly built dogs are the Bullmastiffs.
Such dogs are highly sensitive to security and are reliable for dependability.
These dogs become incredibly reliable and obedient with consistent training from an early age.
However, the Mastiff can be aggressive for various reasons, just like with all dogs.
Neglect and poor training, for example, can be the major cause.
We must teach mastiffs early for socialization. This is the only way to learn how to read & distinguish the behavior of normal people with bad guys.
As they are by genetics distant from unfamiliar people. As they can be a suspect threat of everyone outside the family without socialization.
Such an approach can lead to unusual stubbornness and aggressive behavior.
With a dog breed of this size, both activities may lead to dangerous situations.
They are typically about 36 inches tall and can weigh up to 230 pounds.
You as an owner (or if considering to own) have lots of responsibility for training this strong dog, looking to keep a Mastiff.

5. Wolf hybrid

aggressive dog breeds

It’s not a good idea to own a pet gray wolf, even worse is owning a wolf dog as you may predict the behavior of a normal wolf but cannot understand what a wolfdog might do.
It may have been wrong if Wolves had deliberately been hybridized with dogs as wolves are one of the most deadly & biggest carnivores overall let alone canines.
Some breeders report that the hybrids are shy for people, while others say that the wolf’s predatory instincts are generally maintained by these hybrid dogs.
Between 1982 and 2014, Wolf hybrids seemed to have 19 casualties. Wolf-dog hybrids are classified by the United States Human Society as wild animals.
There is also no guarantee that standard canine rabies vaccination will affect a Wolf Hybrid.
These dogs, as you might already comprehend, are genetically half wolves half dogs which can make them quite unpredictable.
They have a wild and challenging mind on their own! Many states have already banned owning a Wolf Dog in the house as a pet!.

4. Doberman Pinschers

The Doberman Pinscher is a fearless dog often used in special forces like the police.
Dobermans can weigh up to 100 pounds over other dogs 28 inches tall. These dogs are without a doubt fearsome beings.
They need to be trained as soon as possible because they have so much energy.
The greatest concern about raising a large dog breed is the ability to perform proper training in obedience.
Of course, they are smart dog breeds definitely. But their dominating nature and weight also make it somewhat challenging to learn.
Many owners describe their Dobie as loyal, habitual, energetic, alert and brave. But it is possible that with practice they are effective (in fact too much effective).
Maintaining a Doberman demands extra care. Probably those who failed to do this were those who contributed to the accidents caused by Dobermans.
Maintaining and strengthening traits such as independence, intelligence, and aggressive patterns is common among this breed.
While the breeding people in recent decades have tried to ease the rage, the Doberman today still responds with hatred towards strangers.

3. German Shepherd

top 10 most aggressive dogs

The origins of the breed date back to the 1800s in Karlsruhe, Germany.
We also know it in the United States as the second most popular dog breed as Alsatian.
No training can make these dogs likely to attack people (mostly strangers) and smaller dogs.
They are integral and important aspects of any police force unit all around the world.
Most people sometimes call them police dogs for their considerable use in forces.
But since they are so credible for combating crime, they can become dangerous if placed in a difficult situation.
The typical German Shepherd who belongs to the family believes that he has one task “to protect the family”.
Accidents could occur with this kind of mentality.
So long as german shepherds see someone (or something) as dangerous for the pack, your German shepherd will probably attack and defend it’s family (humans or other dogs). Few can resist an attack by German Shepherd.
The attack can be brutal and sometimes fatal because it is 25 inches tall and weighs at 80 pounds 300 pounds of biting force it is a sheer display of their considerable biting strength.
They can accidentally hurt small children, even if they don’t want to.
The German Shepherd is by far the most popular housekeeper in the USA.
In fact, they are the most popular dog breed in America, except for the Labrador Retriever.
During the Second World War, German and French used them as military dogs.

2. Rottweiler

Rottweilers have one of the worst temperaments and are also known as unsafe family dogs, particularly for households in which the owner is an amateur without a calm and confident personality.
To avoid dangerous reactions, you need to be disciplined and cautious constantly!
Rottweilers were bred to have exceptional strength and good herding and defending instincts.
Rottweilers are the second breed in the United States by the number of dog attacks.
If you are considering buying one, pay a premium of time and training for a Rottweiler puppy.
Though, in reward, you get one of the world’s fiercest dog that will guard you.
Even if the Rottweiler is usually a good-natured pet, they do whatever they need to protect the pack (you or your family).
Many owners will call them loyal, intimidating, courageous and trustworthy.
Perhaps all the deaths were the effort by robbers to enter the property.

1. Pit Bull

top 10 dangerous dogs

The pit bull is probably the most infamous breed on the list. Even by its owners or family is they are considered being unpredictable and aggressive.
State and local governments around the world are strict in restricting this dog’s ownership by breed legislation.
Originally bred as fighting dogs, we still know it for its extreme aggression, strength, and determination for an attack.
Pit bulls have the most fatal attacks against adults 21 to 54 years of age.
Pit Bull is fighting dogs and will strive with the determination to do their job until it is over!
They have a strong jaw and bite and are well-known for not easily releasing their bite (personal experience).
I used to own a white male pitbull (who died in an accident) which was nothing like a normal dog in terms of brutal strength.
There was an incident in a farmhouse when my pitbull found a big bone of a rotten dead lamb.
As I didn’t want him to have any health-related problems, I tried to snatch that piece of bone which resulted in a kind of tug of war between us.
Taking that bone out of his growling mouth was like pulling a metal bar struck between industrial gears.
His aggression cost me many dollars buying a new industrial chain, which he broke anyway. (I used industrial chains, as he used to snap any tie rope easily) 
This is the dog breed that ends in combination with the strength of a bulldog and agile energy of the terriers.
Pit Bull is even today are used in dog-fighting in some countries where the dogs are trained to fight until death.

Obviously, any pet may attack a human; dog bites are not confined to such dangerous breeds.
If a dog of a usually friendly breed has been mistreated, is poorly socialized or is out-of-sorts on a given day, you can maul your leg in anytime soon.
Please do share it with your dog lovers on social media if you liked this post.

Top 10 Best Navy in the World 2019

best navy in the world

You probably already know which country has the best and most powerful navy. But aren’t you curious which countries are right behind THAT country? 
Since the sea was navigable, it has been contested, and the ability to project naval strength across oceans is defining feature.
The list below, based on data compiled in Global Firepower’s 2018 world navy ranking by number of offensive & defensive assets they have.
Check out the 10 biggest navies below:

10.Taiwan (Republic of China Navy)

top 10 navy in the world
  • 2 Assault submarines.
  • 8 Anti mines
  • 22 Frigates.
  • 4 destroyers.
  • 12 Patrol vessels.

The Republic of China Navy has significantly improved its naval defense technology over the past two decades, primarily by buying US ships.
They also got some warships from other countries. Taiwan can also construct its own vessels, too.
The Taiwanese Navy comprises nearly 38,000 operational personnel with over 100 active ships which includes over 4 destroyers, 20 frigates, 31 boats with missiles, two submarines, 12 patrol boats, one corvette, nine minesweepers, 10 auxiliary warships, 10 amphibious ships, and 28 aircraft.
The ROC’s primary task is to protect its surrounding waters and territories against a possible blockade, attack, or invasion by the People’s Republic of China.
It is obvious that the Chinese navy is far more powerful than Taiwanese, However, if both countries are engaged in maritime warfare, you can count on Taiwan to fight well.
This deployment protects the Taiwan Strait and adjacent seas by naval exercises and counter-strike wartime counter-invasion activities.
The Taiwanese navy competed for the 10th spot on this top 10 navy in the world list with the Indonesian navy.
There are twice as many active personnel and considerably more ships in the Indonesian navy but most of their warships are limited to seafarers while the Taiwanese navy is deployed for more than that.
Another powerful player that we could not include among the most powerful navy in the world was a Turkish navy, which has a large coastal fleet and is primarily designed to operate in the Mediterranean region.

9.Italy (Italian Navy)

most powerful navy in the world
  • 2 Aircraft carrier.
  • 6 Assault submarines.
  • 17 Anti mines
  • 12 Frigates.
  • 3 landing vessels.
  • 4 destroyers.
  • 14 Patrol vessels.

There is a naval fleet with some 31,000 personnel in the Italian Navy (officially Marina Militare Italiana). In the Italian navy, they operate warships of all kinds.
There is one aircraft carrier from Cavour light, which is also is navy’s flagship.
It can handle V/STOL (e.g. Harriers and F-35Bs), helicopters and aircraft systems.
The Cavour can transport while holding troops and vehicles as well.
A smaller carrier with the Italian navy of Giuseppe Garibaldi in service. There is also a larger aircraft carrier, Giuseppe Garibaldi.
It was known as the Royal Marine until, after the Second World War, as the Kingdom of Italy was replaced by the Republic of Italy.
The flood comprises two aircraft carriers, eight submarines of attack, three amphibious attack craft, four destroyers, thirteen frigates, two corvettes, 10 coastal patrol boats, ten offshore patrolling ships, and four coastal patrol vessels.
There are 6 active anti-submarine frigates of Maestrale-class frigate. Although the decommissioning of all these warships is to take place in the next few years.
The Marine Brigade of Italy has a strength of 3,800 men, and the amphibious brigade is based on 3 amphibious transport vessels of the San Giorgio class.
They are built on an enhanced standard and can bring more troops to the third ship of class San Giusto.
Italy is reportedly developing a new amphibian attack boat from Trieste. By 2022, this would take effect to replace the light aircraft carrier, Giuseppe Garibaldi.

8.South Korea (Republic of Korea Navy)

  • 1 Amphibious attack ships.
  • 13 Assault submarines.
  • 10 Anti mines
  • 9 Frigates.
  • 10 destroyers.
  • 2 Patrol vessels.

The Republic of Korea Navy is South Korean Armed Forces’ Naval Service Branch, responsible for naval and amphibious landing activities.
South Korea’s navy has been constantly improving since the 1990s, just like Taiwan.
But as opposed to the Chinese Navy, they manufactured almost every vessel operated by the Korean Navy on homeland and major South Korean firms designed the rest such as Hyundai and Daewoo.
South Korea has about 70,000 active personnel which is much more than combined forces of our predecessors Italian Navy and Republic of China (Taiwan).
It comprises sixteen submarines, one amphibious assault boat, six landing vessels, eight landing crafts, and 12 destroyers, 13 frogs, 16 corvettes, 11 mine anti-patrol vessels.
Besides, there are approximately 70 aircraft in the Republic of Korea Navy.
South Korea needs a powerful military to protect itself from it’s neighbor’s sea-based attacks with a threat of Northern Korea always on the horizon.
Thankfully, since the Korean War, the South Korean economy has slowly been increasing, allowing the government to use modern military equipment with a large amount of money.
Based on what is happening regarding North Korea today, you can expect that the South Korean government will further boost the nation’s coastal defenses.
The ROK Navy is composed of the Marine Corps of the Republic of Korea, which was established in 1945, the ROK Navy is one of the oldest branches of South Korean military.
South Korean Marine was a little established many decades ago.
It has recently become a competent ocean force from a maritime army.
There is, however, one amphibious assault vessel of the Dokdo class.
Considering its size it is similar to that of any small-sized aircraft carrier. It is South Korea’s flagship war vessel.
Another ship of this class is under construction and is scheduled to start operation in 2020.

7.India (Indian Navy)

  • 1 Aircraft carrier.
  • 1 Amphibious attack ships.
  • 14 Assault submarines.
  • 8 Anti mines
  • 14 Frigates.
  • 19 landing vessels.
  • 10 destroyers.
  • 24 corvette.
  • 32 Patrol vessels
  • 1 missile submarines.

There is about 67,000 personnel are employed in the Indian Navy. Defense wise, India is the second strongest force in South Asia.
India is slowly but surely upgrading the resources in its defense to become a true sea power to balance its Chinese neighbor.
An INS Vikramaditya aircraft carrier, which is the flagship of the Indian Navy.
In terms of the number of aircraft carrying capacity, this carrier is modest.
Cochin Shipyard (State-owned company) built first homemade aircraft carrier INS Vikrant which was commissioned 2013 is more capable than its foreign-made predecessor)
It will increase India’s power projection capacity dramatically thought South Asia.
In total, 11 destroyers are operating at the Navy, including three destroyers of the Kolkata class.
Such new military ships are among the world’s most powerful destroyers.
Some of them are 3 Delhi and 5 older destroyers in the Rajput class with 13 operational frigates.
Some of them have been crafted in modern technology, including three Shivalik and six Talwar missile guided frigates.
There is also a single frigate of the Godavari class, 3 older Brahmaputra classes.
There are also about 20 corvettes intended to protect coastal waters.
They made such vessels to reinforce forces and their bases on hostile coastlines or to counterattack seized Indian coasts.
A single ballistic missile class submarine is operated by the Indian Navy, while the second class ship will be commissioned shortly.
These submarines with nuclear power have been developed and incorporated with high secrecy.
There is one submarine for a nuclear attack. The lead boat has been launched, two more boats will soon become operational and three more ships will be constructed.
The Indian Navy has been quickly modernized to upgrade its outdated facilities, often seen as part of India to develop the security in coastal waters and strengthen its influence in the Indian Ocean.

6.France (French Navy)

strongest navy in the world
  • 1 Aircraft carrier.
  • 3 Amphibious attack ships.
  • 6 Assault submarines.
  • 18 Anti mines
  • 19 Frigates.
  • 2 landing vessels.
  • 4 destroyers.
  • 15 Patrol vessels
  • 4 missile submarines.

The French Navy was established in 1624 and is one of the world’s oldest naval forces. 
Also known as “La Royale,” took part in both World Wars and played an important role in building the French colonial empire.
There are about 36,000 working naval officers, about 200 aircraft with a single carrier, 4 submarines, 6 submarines with combat ballistic missiles, 3 amphibious naval vessels, 4 air defense destroyers, 8 submarines, 5 general purpose frigates, 6 surveillance frigates, 21 patrol vessels, and 18 mine counter-attack warships.
The list also comprises various supporting and assisting ships, including training ships, tugboats, and refueling vessels.
France is also one of the 10 top nuclear weapons countries in the world, so it is not surprising that there is such a considerable force on the coastline.
They defined its role as intelligence preserving, public protection, crisis prevention, and the invasion of a threat to French vital interest.
The Marine Nationale comprises four branches.

  • Force D’Action Navale
  • Forces Sous-marines
  • Aeronavale
  • Fusiliers marine.

The Naval Force operates many combat vessels including a nuclear carrier, nuclear submarines, frigates, etc. 
Among them is French Navy flagship Charles de Gaulle aircraft carrier which is only nuclear-powered aircraft carrier that has been constructed outside of the USA. 
Four guided frigates of the Aquitaine Class are operated by the French navy. Further ships are being constructed of this type. 
These new frigates are shortly to replace destroyers class Cassard and class Georges Leygues with frigates of class Aquitaine. 
The LaFayette class is five smaller and the Floreal frigates class is six.

5.United Kingdom (Royal Navy)

navies of the world
  • 1 Aircraft carrier.
  • 3 Amphibious attack ships.
  • 6 Assault submarines.
  • 18 Anti mines
  • 19 Frigates.
  • 2 landing vessels.
  • 4 destroyers.
  • 15 Patrol vessels
  • 4 missile submarines.

 The British Navy is officially known as the Royal Navy. The Royal Navy was the world’s strongest navy from the mid-18th century.
It was an unrivaled influence and played a major role in the development of the British Empire.
The United States Navy only surpassed it when the Second World War occurred. Now, the Royal Navy mostly focuses on expeditionary activities.
Currently, Queen Elizabeth class aircraft carrier is in commission expect while in the next couple of years.
They are much larger than American aircraft carriers and somewhat bigger than Russian and Chinese carriers.
Six Daring anti-air fighting destroyers are owned by the British Navy. Such vessels will patrol wide areas and provide the fleet with air defense.
In contrast to the Daring class destroyers, thirteen duke frigates serve. These were mostly for warfare against submarines.
There is a well-respected Royal Marine Commando Brigade of 7700 personnel in the Royal Navy.
The Royal Marines is the European Union’s most powerful naval infantry force.
There are 2 landing ships in class Albion and 3 logistic landing vessels in class Bay.
Three nuclear-powered submarines are operating in the Astute class. There are four ships of this class constructed.
There are also 3 nuclear-powered attacking Trafalgar-class active warships that will slowly retire in the coming years.
They also maintain 4 Vanguard ballistic missile submarines at the Royal Navy.
Each of these ships may carry a maximum of 192 nuclear warheads.
This power is enough for whole countries to be wiped out.
At any time, one vessel of the Vanguard-class is on the dissuade patrol. Such operations are always highly classified in detail.
The fleet contains one aircraft carrier, three ballistic missile submarines, six nuclear power submarines, three amphibious vessels, six destroyers, 13 frigates, three offshore patrols, 13 minehunters, 18 fast patrol boats.
The Royal Navy also uses an HMS Bristol destroyer type 82 and an HMS Victory ship of the line.
The latter is noteworthy as the oldest naval vessel ever afloat and serves as the first sea lord’s flagship.

4.Japan (Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force)

top 10 navy in the world
  • 2 Amphibious attack ships.
  • 18,Assault submarines.
  • 29 Anti mines
  • 40 Frigates.
  • landing vessels.
  • 10 destroyers.
  • 7 Patrol vessels.

A few years after World War II, the Japanese maritime self-defense force was officially established, having nearly 51,000 active personnel and a fleet of 150 vessels and over 300 aircraft, rendering it the largest military force in the world.
The Japan Self-Defense Maritime Force comprises 17 warships, 26 destroyers, 10 frigates, 4 air defense destroyers, 6 corvettes, 3 landing ships, two landing crafts, 25 counter-attack vessels, six patrol ships, and eight training boats.
Japan recently modernized its marine facilities, just like South Korea, to defend itself from North Korea’s threat.
Nonetheless, the Japanese government finds nuclear weapons to a dissuasive for North Korea.
The Japan Sea Forces is a Japanese self-defense military unit, which is responsible for Japan’s coastal defenses.
The Japanese naval forces were established after the imperial Japanese navy breakup after the Second World War.
Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force (JMSDF) is a Japanese navy of 50,800 personnel, 150 ships, and almost 346 aircraft.
Japan is a Japanese maritime force. As a part of the Japanese constitution, the naval self-defense force is legally limited to military doctrine.
It operates state-of-the-art warships and submarines. In contrast, they keep the Japanese fleet ready and highly efficient.
Therefore, while Japanese navies lose their numbers and tonnage to the Chinese fleet, the Japanese warships are more modern and equipped with the latest guns.
The JMSDF has no nuclear weapons, though.
Around 20 submarines belong to Japan’s navy.
These are interesting submarines for diesel attacks. As far as Japan does not use nuclear warships, it has built up a state-of-the-art diesel boat which has improved strength and offensive capabilities.
Yet Japan does not have any underwater ballistic missiles or strategic ballistic missiles.
Naval aircraft in Japan comprises about 70 Lockheed P-3C Orions and a dozen Kawasaki Navy P-1s.

3.Russia (Russian Navy)

best navy in the world
  • 1 Aircraft Carrier.
  • 1 Amphibious Attack Ship.
  • 32 Attack submarine.
  • 42 anti-mines.
  • 4 cruisers.
  • 81 corvettes.
  • 16 Destroyers.
  • 10 Frigates.
  • 68 patrol vessels.
  • 6 Landing vessels
  • 4 Missile submarine

The Russian Navy is one of the largest navy forces in the world, officially established in 1992 following the dissolution of the Soviet Union.
The group comprises about 148,000 staff, which almost triples the Japan Maritime Self Defense Force’s active staff.
This consists of over 300 operational vessels and 300 boats.
Russia’s main naval fleet includes 1 cargo carrier, 1 battlecruiser, 3 cruisers, 13 destroyers, 8 frigates, 78 corvettes, 17 submerged SSNs, 22 submarines for the attack of SSK, 13 submarines for ballistic weapons, 7 submarines of cruise-missiles, 3 submarines for special purposed purposes.
While Russia is better known for its strong ground forces, the Russian navy must soon remind all that Russia is well prepared for sea skirmishes.
The Russian navy inherited the fleet from the Soviet navy after the fall of the Soviet Union.
The Russian fleet has decreased substantially since the early 1990s with the end of the Cold War and the resulting funding problems.
Cold War remnants are the bulk of its ships. In the last two decades, because of its small funding, the Russian army has faced problems maintaining its main troops.
Nevertheless, with about 140 000 staff, various warships and submarines, it still remains an incredibly formidable force.
A single battle-cruiser, but still fighting to maintain this huge warship, is run by the Russian navy.
Also, 3 smaller missile Slava cruisers offer great anti-ship, anti-aircraft and anti-submarine capabilities.
The Russian Marine loses the warship number and tonnage on paper to the Chinese navy.
The Russian navy, however, has several proven ballistic missile submarines, which have been extremely deadly.

2.China (People’s Liberation Army Navy)

strongest navy in the world
  • 2 Amphibious attack ships.
  • 52 Assault submarines.
  • 27 Anti mines
  • 51 Frigates.
  • 25 landing vessels.
  • 26 destroyers.
  • 50 Patrol vessels
  • 6 missile submarines.

Since the 1990s, China’s navy has grown its arsenal and is building new warships and submarines in rapid growth.
The Chinese Army is officially called the People’s Liberation Army. The Chinese army’s strength is about 255,000.
Today it is in terms of tonnage the second largest fleet after the US Navy, In fact, it has the largest number of powerful combatants.
There is a Chinese navy owned by A single Liaoning aircraft carrier in 2018. They use mainly as a training ship.
A similar carrier is being designed and is scheduled to become operational in 2019-2020.
Some newer warships are not as capable as their western or Russian counterparts.
On the other hand, the construction of a new advanced warships is rapid.
However, about 5-6 guidance missile cruisers of type 055 are about to be completed and are expected to operate in 2020.
The Navy of the People’s Liberation Army has quickly become one of the world’s most powerful maritime forces.

1.United States (United States Navy)

top 10 navy in the world
  • 10 Aircraft carrier, 2 in reserve, 3 underconstruction.
  • 10 Amphibious attack ships.
  • 53 Assault submarines.
  • 14 Anti mines
  • 30 Frigates.
  • 21 landing vessels.
  • 60 destroyers.
  • 22 cruisers.
  • 2 corvette.
  • 100 Patrol vessels
  • 18 missile submarines.

By present, the US Navy is the world’s most powerful navy.
The US Navy shifted from a broad war with the Soviet Union to regional conflict in the early 1990s following the Cold War.
For lower funding and lack of adequate threat currently, but mainly to the cost of smaller ships, US fleets continue to decline instead of major surface soldiers and the most deadly submarines.
The United States fleet is well protected. There are still new ships and guns. The American Navy has almost 320,000 staff.
The US Navy runs 11 large carriers with aircraft used to display its sheer power.
These include one carrier in the Ford-class and 10 carriers in the Nimitz and Revised Nimitz class.
Each carrier is made up of 70-80 aircraft. It’s a larger and stronger force than many nations’ total air force.
Each of these warships carries approximately 1700-2000 marines and blinded vehicles and delivers tilt rotors, helicopters, and hovercraft to shore.
Such combat boats are heavier than most carriers
Such submarines also patrol zones in waters near the United States or far away from the seas, making effective anti-submarine efforts nearly unlikely.
Nearly 3,700 planes serve the US Navy. Most of these are multi-role fighters of the F / A-18 family and other aircraft associated with them, based on carrier aircraft.
Technically speaking, the USS Pueblo is still in service, the scientific study vessel.
But North Korea, which attacked and captured the ship for supposed entry into North Korean territory in 1968, is currently being held.
The United States is easily the best naval force in the world in its best country.
And in the foreseeable future, it will very likely remain at the top, based on how much the US government spends on military equipment.

Above is the list of the world’s 10 biggest navies.
In this article, the navy’s rating is only determined on the sheer scale of its ship and the number, and it is not answered by any nation’s operational capacity in any way.
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Top 10 Largest Temple in the World

biggest temple in the world

In this post, we will list down the biggest temple in the world according to the total area as well as their defined traditional architecture.
People in the world have faith in many Gods who make the most significant religious places in the globe, some of them the big, while some are extraordinarily enormous.
Temples are usually built as their religious sites by Hindus, Buddhists, Sikhs, and many religions.
In the tradition of western Christianity, for instance, we hardly ever use a temple, so we exclude these cathedrals and churches. In comparison, we use the term temple very frequently in the Eastern Christian tradition.
So what’s the world’s biggest temple?
Well, here I have listed the Top 10 biggest temple in the world:

10. Baalbek

biggest temple in the world

Among the amazing archeological sites in north-eastern Lebanon is Baalbek.
It was the biggest temple in the Roman empire, called by the Romans as Heliopolis.
Romans collectively constructed three temples around this area with Jupiter, Bacchus, and Venus as prime deities.
The temple of Jupiter has 54 heavy granite pillars lined and only 6 of these giant pillars are still standing.
They constructed the temple of Bacchus in AD 150 and among the site is the best-preserved.
It has a length of about 69 m and a width of 36 m. Its walls are decorated with 42 pillars from Corinth, of which stand up straight at a height of 19 m.
In the Roman Gods Hadad, Atargatis and a young male god of fertility replaced the indigenous local gods.

9. Meenakshi Amman Temple

temple

In the holy town of Madurai in India, there is a historical Hindu Temple named Meenakshi Sundaresvarar Temple or Meenakshi Amman (Mother in ancient Tamil) Temple.
It is devoted to Lord Shiva — here called Sundareswarar or the Beautiful Lord — and his wife, Parvati, locally known as Meenakshi.
The temple is the center of Madurai, a town that is at least 2500 years old.
It contains 14 splendid Gopurams or towers, with two gilded Gopurams for the primary deities, elaborately sculpted and photographed that show the old Indian architectural and sculptural capabilities.

8. Brihadeeswarar Temple-44.7 acres

biggest temple in the world

The temple is a Hindu shrine devoted to Shiva on the South bank of the Kaveri River in Tamil Nadu, India and is also referred to as Rajarajesvaram or Peruvudaiyār Kôvil.
It is one of the biggest temples in South India and an overview of a completely designed Dravidian architecture.
The temple as a whole composed of granite stones and the first completely granite carved temple in the world.
The temple is about 66 meters high and a Nandi (Bull) sculpture is about 16 feet long and 13 feet tall, which is also shaped out of a single rock.
Raja Raja Chola built this temple around 1010 AD. In several abilities, the temple claims a workforce of 600 people.
From ancient times, Brihadeeswarar temple is world’s largest temple of Lord Shiva.
This temple is also a part of the UNESCO World Heritage for its excellent detailed architectural design.

7. Tikal (Temple IV)

Largest Temple in the World

Tikal is one of the biggest Mayan civilization locations in Latin America and the Caribbean in Guatemala.
Tikal is the town of Maya Civilization, where there are many such pyramidical temples, but the fourth largest is constructed in 741 AD, 64.6 meters tall.
Temple IV is the biggest temple constructed by the Mayan civilization in Tikal. It is a World Heritage site by UNESCO.

6. Jetavanaramaya

biggest temples

The Jetavanaramaya is the biggest stupa in the globe when measured by size which is located in the town of Anuradhapura in Sri Lanka.
They built it in the 3rd century AD by King Mahasena started building the temple which lasted for 15 years.
In the construction, approximately 93.3 million baked bricks were used.
Jetavanaramaya was the 3rd tallest structure in the world behind the Egyptian pyramids when it was completed, at a height of 122 meters (400 feet).
The dome itself has a diameter of around 95 meters.
This construction is mound-like and has Buddhist relics, ashes of the deceased monks.
The stupa began to be built by King, but when he deceased, the construction was finished by Maghavan I, his son.

5. Sri Ranganathaswamy

Top 10 temples in india

Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple is a significant shrine, dedicated to Lord Ranganatha (the reclining sight of Lord Vishnu) and is full of millions of tourists and devotees each year.
The Temple is one of the biggest shrines in the world and covers an area of 156 acres (6,31,000 sq. m).
In that essence, the temple can effectively be called the world’s biggest operating Hindu temple.
This ancient temple structure dates from the 10th century. It is 73 meters high and dates back to the 17th century, but was only finished in 1987.
This Largest old temple in India.

4. Akshardham Temple

biggest temple in the world

It was constructed between 2000 and 2005 by 3,000 volunteers and 7,000 artisans. We could also consider it as a modern temple.
Pramukh Swami Maharaj has motivated and developed this project, and it represents a thousand years of Indian and Hindu culture and architecture.
Completed by the religious group BAPS in 2005, like its ancient counterparts, the decoration of the Akshardham temple was not left at any cost.
The Central Monument has a height of 43 meters, a width of 96 meters, and a length of 110 meters. It is coated with carving details of flora, fauna, dancers, musicians, and gods.
It is made of pink Rajasthani sandstone and Italian Carrara marble entirely and has no steel or concrete foundations.
It is also one of the most modern & beautiful temple in the world.

3. Borobudur

worlds biggest temple

This one of Indonesia’s biggest temples was built during the 9th century in Magelang, Central Java.
The main deity is the Lord Buddha Shrine and the UNESCO World Heritage Site for Buddhist pilgrimages.
The Temple contains six square platforms, which are surpassed by three-round platforms, beautifully decorated with 2,672 relief boards and 504 Buddha sculptures and is encircled by 72 Buddha sculptures which are seated at the central tower of the top platform.
Sculptures finished this temple in about 75 years. The complete region is approximately 2,500 sq. meters.
They built this Buddhist temple in the 9th century during the Shailendra Dynasty in Central Java, Indonesia.

2. Karnak (Great Hypostyle Hall)

biggest temple in the world

It is one of the most visited places in Egypt after Pyramids and is also the second-largest temple in the world.
Though severely ruined, there are few more places worth visiting in Egypt than Karnak.
It is the world’s biggest ancient temple structure and depicts the overall accomplishment of Egyptian builder generations.
In fact, Karnak is made up of several distinct temples. Hypostyle Hall, which has an area of 5,000 m2 (50,000 sq ft), is the biggest & most popular.
The construction of the structure started during the Middle Kingdom by Sesostris I and proceeded throughout the Ptolemy era.
The Precinct of Amun-Ra, the Precinct of Mut, the Precinct of Montu, and the Temple of Amenhotep IV are the most important parts.
This is the ancient temple that was constructed in Ptolemaic ages. It also has a 328 ton, about 29 meters tall, one of the largest obelisks.

1. Angkor Wat

Largest Temple in the World

Surprisingly, the largest Hindu temple in the world which is also the biggest temple in the world is not in India or Nepal.
The largest temple in the world is Angkor Wat Temple Complex in Cambodia and is one of the main national icons of the country.
The Angkor Wat Temple has over 500 acres covered and is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Khmer King Suryavarman II constructed the temple complex. We consider it as the ancient world’s biggest religious center throughout South East Asia.
The site of the temple covers 162.6 hectares or 1,626,000 square meters.
At the beginning of the twelfth century, King devoted the temple to Lord Vishnu, which later became a Buddhist center (Buddha is believed to be Vishnu’s reincarnation).
It imitates the design & plan of Mount Meru, a sacred mountain in Hinduism.
The main tower which is 65 meters high, is surrounded by four other towers.
A three-story building is a central hall. It has Buddha’s pictures and significant scenes of the Ramayana and Mahabharata Hindu epics.
Angkor Wat faces west, which is strange as most Hindu temples are constructed eastwards.
The primary material during construction for this temple was sandstones.
At the entrance of the temple in Angkor Wat, sculptures and gravures are nicely decorated.
The statue of Lord Vishnu is in the temple, which is 3.2 meters in height.
The outside gallery of the temple of Angkor Wat covers 187x 215 meters.
Then the next two galleries are connected to each other. It is 100 x 115 meters (328 x 377 meters) on the 2nd stage.
The interior gallery has a rectangular region of 60 x 60 meters. The tower is 65 meters above the floor above the main temple.

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Top 10 Fastest Train in the World 2019

fastest train in the world

This article is about the fastest train in the world with speed so high, within a matter of minutes they take you to other major connecting cities.
The speed of a train is only limited by technology, unlike their road counterparts; Trains are much safer & comfortable to travel.
With the latest invention of Maglev trains, we only expect it to improve further.
Recently, Japan tested its fastest ALPHA-X train in 2016 and is expected to start its operation from 2046.
These are 10 most fastest train in the world:

10. Alstom Euroduplex

Top 10 fastest train in the world in 2019

French railway’s company SNCF operates the train and is designed & manufactured by the Alstom railway company.
This train is the third series of high-speed duplex TGV trains.
The weight is much lesser and with much-improved aerodynamics.
In December 2011, the train began operating and could carry 1020 travelers at a moment. It connects the French, Swiss, German and Luxembourg rail networks.

9. SNCF TGV Duplex

fastest train in the world

At a time that is the fastest in France, this train can achieve a peak of 198.8 mph & operational crusing speed around 190 mph.
This train was launched in December 2011 by the railway corporation SNCF.
This is the largest double-decker train with 508 seating capacity. It is fully environmentally friendly and 90 percent recyclable.
SNCF-operates trains are the fifth fastest in Europe with Train à Grande Vitesse (TGV).
The trains in the series have been in operation since 1981 and can operate at a speed of 320 km/h.
The world record in conventional rail trains has broken down for 574.8kph with a TGV-train set called V150.
Alstom and Bombardier produce TGV railway units.

8. FS Class ETR 500

high speed train in world

Trains working on the high-speed line between Turin and Salerno in Italy are running at 300 kph, better known as Elettro Treno Rapido 500 (ETR 500) Frecciarossa (Red Arrow).
The high-speed railways have been modernized and have a maximum velocity of 360 kph for the ETR 500.
TREno Veloce Italiana (TREVI), the Consortium of Alstom, Bombardier, and AnsaldoBreda, operates the trains.
The ETR 500 was launched in 2008 and comprises 11 air-conditioned carriages each with two locomotives.
The super-trains are fitted to provide total comfort through climate control and noise isolation and comfortable ergonomic seats.
The daily fleet of trains covers around 88 stations.

7. E5 Series Shinkansen

fastest train in the world

The East Japan Railway Company operates one of the fastest high-speed rail services in Japan.
On 5 March 2011, the train started functioning. It has a line of 444.28 miles from Tokyo to Aomori with a high speed of 198.8 mph, which it covers exact 2 hours and 56 minutes.
The Shinkansen H5 and E5 series are two of Japan’s newest bullet trains and the country’s fastest.

6. ICE 3

fastest train in the world

ICE 3 is the fourth fastest train in Europe operating up to a speed of 330 kph and is a variant of Deutsche Bahn’s Intercity Express Trains.
Bombardier operates these trains in collaboration with Siemens designs and manufactures the trains in the series the Deutsche Bahn and Nederlandse Spoorwegen.
Half of the axles of the train are driven, and designers have spread traction gear over the entire distance of the train under the seating floor.
They equip the trains with bogie jacks and fasteners, allowing for a reduction of rolling resistance of about 10 percent.
The German highly futuristic InterCity Express train runs between Berlin and Munich but plans to travel on multiple routes like Frankfurt to London thereafter.
Not so long ago, ICE 3 was the fastest train in the world before our Top 5 high-speed trains took over.

5. Talgo 350 HSR

Top 10 fastest train in the world in 2019

Talgo 350 is the third fastest train in Europe and the 6th fastest in the world, with 46 stations in operation in Spain, and is commonly known as El Pato (Duck in Spanish).
The T350 operates at 350 kph, but during a test run, it reached a peak speed of 365 kph.
From the Madrid-Zaragoza-Lleida section of the Madrid-Barcelona line in Spain, it began to operate from 2005 and was originally developed as RENFE AVE class 10.
It is manufactured by Patentes Talgo (Tren Articulado Ligero Goicoechea Oriol) collaboration with Bombardier Transportation.
The train is fitted by a natural tilting system and comprises 2 cars with 12 coaches.
Designers had to intend the front end specifically for aerodynamic resistance prevention.

4. AVE Class 103

bullet train technology

The AVE Class 103 is a high-speed train operated by state-owned RENFE railway, which serves as an AVE service in Spain.
This train is the second part of the Velaro family that was built by Siemens.
The second fastest train in Europe and the fifth-fastest in the globe is Siemens Velaro E, widely recognized in Spain as AVS 103.
The design of the train is focused on the further development of ICE 3 trainset on the Deutsche Bahn.
The standard working speed of the Siemens Velaro E is around 350 kph.
During its test ride on the Madrid-Barcelona line in 2006, it created a record of 403.7 kph for series production trains.
The train began working in 2006 with full operation in snow and ice.

3. AGV Italo

fastest train in the world

The first train in the AGV Series, Automotrice Grande Vitesse Italo, is now the fastest train operating in Europe and the world’s fourth-fastest train.
During its test run in April 2007, AGV Italo operated at the East European high-speed line and broke a record speed of 574.8 kph.
They inaugurated the train on April 2012 and is the most advanced train in Europe, with 98 percent of its recyclable parts and a 15 percent lower lifecycle and energy costs.
AGV Italio stands out among other European trains in this Top 10 fastest train in the world.

2. China Railway CRH380A

Top 10 fastest train in the world in 2019

The CRH 380A is the world’s third-fastest working train service.
This multi-unit electric train can attain a maximum velocity of 236.12 mph in commercial services. 
But during initial trials, it topped a record velocity of 258.58 mph. 
In October 2010, the Chinese train operated the CRH 380A routinely on the Shanghai-Nanjing path.
This train is manufactured by the CSR Qingdao Sifang Locomotive and Rolling Stock Company. 
The aluminum alloy body CRH 380A is low weight and has a fish-head like aerodynamic design in the front. 
This remarkable train structure could lower aerodynamic resistance.
The CRH 380A bogies are also free of vibration & sound.
The cabin capacity can accommodate 494 travelers with facilities like e-display, a reading lamp, an electric port, and a VIP sightseeing section close driver’s seat.

1.Shanghai Maglev

fastest train in the world

Shanghai Maglev, with a maximum operating speed of 267.8 mph, is the fastest train in China & World.
Shanghai Maglev Transportation Development Co. operates this service.
Maglev is an abbreviation for Magnetic Levitation or flotation in the magnetic field of an object.
Shanghai Maglev is doesn’t have wheels and floats between the train and the track on the magnetic ground.
This electromagnetic push allows the train to travel over the path with the powerful magnates, as no train-track contact occurs.
In just 4 minutes, Shanghai Maglev could achieve its high speed of 267.8 mph.
German corporations built Shanghai Maglev Siemens and ThyssenKrupp.
The Shanghai maglev public service began its service on 1 January 2004.
It operates between Pudong International Airport and Outskirts of Shanghai Long Yang Road.
Shanghai maglev train has a total capacity of 574 passengers.
The entire journey of 20 miles (32.19 km), Shanghai Maglev takes only 7 minutes and 20 seconds.

This was a list for the Top 10 fastest train in the world in 2019.
Technology had improved exponentially since the great Thomas Savery invented the first steam engine & Rudolf Diesel invented diesel engine.
Also, respect of special thanks to that father-son duo George Stephenson who built first Steam engine based locomotive.
From that moment, we have gone from the fastest American steam locomotive to the fastest Maglev.
These are only the fastest among all trains in the world; The future is dazzling for these track-based long caravans.
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10 Famous Leonardo da Vinci Paintings & Drawings

famous Leonardo Da Vinci Paintings

In this article we will cover most famous Leonardo da Vinci’s Paintings & Artwork.
Human history is filled with many spectacular artists like
Leonardo’s Mona Lisa and The Last Supper have distinctively held positions as the most famous and religious paintings of all time, most reproduced and copied.
In 1472 Leonardo entered the Florence Painting Guild and set up his own workshop. Leonardo, as a painter, successfully completed six artworks in Milan in 17 years.
These are Top 10 most famous Leonardo da Vinci Paintings:

10. St. Jerome

Leonardo Da Vinci Paintings

This painting of the genius is incomplete.
After plucking the thorn from Lion’s paw’s, the painting reflects Saint Jerome.
What is remarkable is that, as customary, Leonardo did not give him a beard.
In 1480, he had started painting but due to some unknown reasons, he had to stop his masterpiece.
Specialty of this painting:
At the end of his life, the picture shows St. Jerome, a hermit in the woods, alone except for his lion companion–a prevalent theme of the Renaissance.
Yet, alone, he represents the penitent saint in a time of private deep slumber in a deeply touching, intimate portrayal. As Jerome looks on his crucifix, his religious fight is over.

9. Portrait of Ginevra Benci

famous Leonardo Da Vinci Paintings

The portrait of Ginevra de Benci is the only publicly displayed painting by Leonardo housed at the National Gallery of Art in Washington DC.
It is one of Leonardo’s earliest works, completed in his early twenties, showing some unusual painting techniques he used in his life.
It is one of the first recognized paintings of Italian art for three-quarters view. In about 1474, Vinci created this & is often regarded as one of the most famous Leonardo da Vinci Paintings.
Specialty of this painting:
A palm of laurel surrounds the background of the picture the sprig of juniper, and each one of the flowers is surrounded by a phrase containing “Beauty adorns virtue.”
The truncated appearance of the opposing side suggests that the painting was cut down, possibly due to water or fire damage.

8. Lady with an Ermine

leonardo da vinci drawings

It is a painting from around 1489-1490 by Leonardo da Vinci.
Many art historians have identified the young lady of with Ermine as Cecilia Gallerani, Leonardo’s patron’s mistress, Ludovico Sforza, the Duke of Milan.
Specialty of this painting:
Although Leonardo’s knowledge of anatomy in this is painting is over proved and his capability to portray a character in posture and expression, particularly the bleak backdrop.
In its guileless characteristics, attentive eyes and a gentle touch, the girl depicts the youth and dynamic nature of the ermine.
Her slim hand shows the complex bones structure under the skin, as the skull underneath the fur shows the head of the ermine.

7. Anatomical studies

famous Leonardo Da Vinci Paintings

Leonardo in his last days was more isolated than he ever was, he used to buy bodies from local hearse centre.
He used to dissect he bodies and do extensive analysis, examine the moment and structure of various human cells. 
Specialty of these sketchworks:
Martin Clayton, the Senior Curator of the Royal Collection, is explored Leonardo’s remarkably accurate anatomical imageries, which remained hidden from the world almost 400 years after Da Vinci died.
Perhaps his most popular anatomical painting was a 100-year-old guy who said he had only hours before his death had been in perfect health.
When Leonardo dissected him to look “the cause of such a sweet death” and discovered cirrhosis in the liver and blockage of an artery in the heart describing the first-ever coronary tissue in the world.
Many argue that Leonardo had way more artworks & drawings than we had discovered yet.

6. The Virgin of the Rocks

This painting portrays the apocryphal legend that the adolescent John the Baptist met Jesus from Egypt in the desert. The artwork was developed between 1483 and 1486.
Specialty of this painting:
The first painting shows how the high Renaissance was carried on by Leonardo.
Early pictures from that era commonly portrayed figures in a fixed, stiff and distinct shape.
In a mysterious rocky landscape, a young Mary is sitting down on the floor, not on a stool.
Her body is moving — it feels like she tilts her head protecting to the baby John, who is kneeling to the left in his worship, and she feels as if she is moving him to the Christ Child to the right.
Jesus blesses John, seen from behind in a complicated position, points towards John and looks at the viewer.

5. Self Portrait

famous Leonardo Da Vinci Paintings

At around 60 years of age, Leonardo is commonly thought to have drawn the self-portrait in red chalk.
The red chalk of an ancient guy with lengthy wavy hair and beards has long been considered as a self-portrait and is so represented that it describes how the majority believe about the appearance of Leonardo.

4. Vitruvian Man

leonardo da vinci drawings

Vitruvian Man is one of Leonardo’s many notes he held on to during his aging years.
It comes followed by remarks in the perfect human proportions handed down in a book on 1st century BC by the Roman painter Vitruvius.
Specialty of this sketchwork:
The sketch shows the hypothesis that the perfect person can combine two irreconcilable forms into a circle and a square.
Leonardo solved the idea by drawing a man in two superimposed positions — one in a carriage with his arms stretched forth, and another in a circle with his feet and arms stretched out.
The work not only shows Leonardo’s efforts to comprehend significant documents but also his willingness to broaden them.
His illustrations subsequently became most iconic, partially because of his mathematical, philosophical and artistic combinations, which appear to have been a fitting sign of the Renaissance.

3. Salvator Mundi

famous Leonardo Da Vinci Paintings

Many experts noted that it represented the image of Jesus.
The rigid position, which was so distinctive from the typical sweeping postures of the master of the Renaissance.
A non-convincing image of the crystal world, which would have mirrored, if true, a twisted image of its owner, which Leonardo would have heard about.
The auctioneer further affirmed that conservators had confirmed that Leonardo made the painting of the same material that Leonardo, particularly ultramarine blue, often reserved for the rich, was a very costly, high-quality pigment.
So, it was concluded it was some rich person who hired Leonardo to make his painting.

2. Last Supper

Leonardo Da Vinci Paintings

Ludovico Sforza, the Duke of Milan and the Patron of Leonardo during his first stay in Milan, commissioned Last Supper. 
It is one of the most famous works in the world.
Specialty of this painting:
Leonardo, who was fascinated by how the personality of a man can be revealed in posture, speech, and gesture, showed a distinctive response.
The Apostles’ positions are rising, falling, extending themselves and intertwining as they seem to shout, shout, grieve and discussion around Jesus.
The work was soon disintegrated after Leonardo completed it, because of the experimental paint technique in which he employed tempera or öil paint on two preparatory stages.
But observers can still see this as a complex study of diverse human emotions, which can be disclosed in a clear narrative.

1.Mona lisa

This is the only thing that comes into your mind when you hear “a masterpiece”.
Mona Lisa is the most famous painting in the world all the time.
Every day, the Mona Lisa attracts thousands of visitors to Louvre Museum, many of whom are compelled by the mysterious gaze of the sitter and the enigmatic smile.
Specialty of this painting:
A youthful woman’s normal image modestly clothed in a slender, dim-colored veil and no jewelry could also confuse her spectators, who could ask about the hell.
The simplicity of the painting behind Leonardo is realistic. The subject’s gently shaped features show Leonardo’s method used for modeling subtle light and shadow gradations rather than lines.
Leonardo’s deliberate patience in recreating his observations is demonstrated by his delicately painted veil, beautifully crafted coats and the thorough handling of folded fabric.
The confusing expression of the woman only increases her realism.
Her smile may engage or mocking–viewers can’t find it out, because she is a sophisticated figure like a human being that simultaneously represents counter-characteristics.

Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519) is regarded as one of the most important and leading painters of all times.
His works of art, distinguished by exceptional vibrant but harmonious composition and subtle shadowing techniques, had a huge impact on the preceding generations of artists.
There are many other Leonardo’s interesting facts that he was exceptionally talented as an engineer, Biologist, architect, astronomer, geologist, etc.
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Top 10 Most Beautiful Flowers in the World

most beautiful flowers in the world

We have studied many people with their individual choices & created a list of most beautiful flowers in the world.
It is said that After women flowers are the most divine creations.
Flowers are one of the most lovely artworks of mother nature.
For several generations, almost every civilization in the world has idolized flowers as artifacts of beauty.
Every flower is beautiful but some human emotions connected with them while some are simply too uncommonly exotic.
So, as a visual treat for you, I have listed 10 most beautiful flowers in the world:

10. Stargazer Lily

best flower in the world

We also regard the stargazer lily as the oriental lily (Lilium Stargazer) because of its big star-shaped blooms, which produce a pleasant fragrance.
Their petals are decoratively stained in hot pink with textured freckles.
Even if they are lovely, they are one of the toxic plants around pets. The stargazer lily is the latest complement to the oriental lily family from Japan.

09. Begonia

most beautiful flowers in the world

Begonias are very common with enthusiastic gardeners with attractive big rose-like petals. 
Charles Plumier, a Franciscan monk, discovered these flowers in Brazil in 1690, was the first recorded finding of begonia. 
They blossom in spring and though they’re lovely colors and appealing foliage may not be easy to care for; They create it an excellent complement to any garden. 
They were bred in many colors, of which red, yellow, and orange are the most popular.

8. Anemone

rarest flower in the world

There are many anemone species, most remarkable of which are Anemone coronaria, a Mediterranean-born species.
Its name comes from the Greek term “anemos,” that implies wind, also known as windflowers.
The flowering species are bigger with cup-shaped blossoms and the flowering types in the spring are smaller on the ground.
The colors, including pink, red, purple and white, are varied.

7. Passion Flower

most beautiful flowers in the world

Passionflowers are one of the garden’s most exotic flowers you can grow.
The most common is Passiflora edulis, the only one which can develop into passion-fruit.
There are over 400 species of passive Frucht. Passion blossoms are generally violet, lavender or blue & are native to the Americas.

6. Protea

best flower in the world

As the national flower of South Africa, the king protea (Protea cynaroides) is one of the most spectacular species of protea & rarest flower in the world.
It is the largest protea species and has a massive bloom size that can reach almost 12 inches in width. With long pink petals that surround a furry center, it is typically the star of the show within a bouquet.

5. Cherry blossom

most beautiful flowers in the world

These flowers have an exceptional blossom and are discovered mainly in Japan. In spring, they generally bloom in white & light pink.
The flowers will fascinate you if you plan on going to Japan in Spring.
It is also recognized in Japanese as “Sakura” and symbolized in the nation as a renewal and faith.
People enjoy sitting under the trees and appreciate the wonderful perspective of the flower.
It is also a sign of friendship between the United States and Japan, and Japan later sent the trees to represent their goodwill for the United States.
The cherry blossoms originated in the Himalayas and settled in Eurasia somewhere before arriving in Japan.
In a sense of friendship or building a relation (even romantic)  Japanese consider cherry blossoms as best flowers in the world to offer.

4. Dahlia

lovely flowers

Dahlia is a genus that comes from Central America, Colombia, and Mexico, and is known to be bushy, tuberous and lasting vegetation.
They blossom every year. About 42 species exist and at least twenty thousand varieties.
They were both gathered and harvested as a source of food by indigenous Central American peoples.
The Aztecs used epilepsy and used the long hollow stem as tubes for water.
Dahlias depict dignity and instability in the language of the flowers “like my appreciation goes beyond your care”.
Dahlia is also Mexico’s national flower.

3. Tulip

most beautiful flowers in the world

You must have heard of the flower garden of Keukenhof if you are a fan of flowers. This vast garden in the Netherlands extends over a vast 32-hectare area. Every spring, millions of tulips bloom in this garden. Imagine standing between these huge tulip farms. Surely you would feel like the heavens. Because tulip is such a lovely flower that you could take notice of it immediately.
Over 3,000 tulip varieties of 150 distinct species are found throughout the world.
This variety makes it one of the world’s most famous and grown plants.
Each spring, the cup-like tulip flowers open.
This magnificent flowers, except blue, come in all the colors.

2.Orchids flowers

best flower in the world

Orchids are one of the earliest flowers ever and varieties of orchids in the world are countless.
The Orchids are believed to be on the planet before the continents on the planet earth were divided.
There are 2500 known orchid species throughout the world.
However, the flower can still be seen on every continent except Antarctica; It is well grown in tropical climates.
The orchid’s bloom is heavy enough to carry it down to the soil, which makes it more lovely.
Many consider orchids as among lovely & most beautiful flowers in the world we can get.

1.Rose

most beautiful flowers in the world

Because of its timeless elegance, the classical rose deserves the first place among the most beautiful flowers.
We can discover thousands of distinct kinds of roses in almost every color as it is a universal sign of love and romance.
This flower suits every style, ranging from the classic red rose to the famous Juliet garden rose.
Rose is flower considered globally as best flower in the world.

There were a countless number of flowers & their countless varieties which really confused me what to include as most beautiful flowers in the world, as our list was only limited to 10 so I couldn’t include all.
It’s certainly hard to avoid the sheer awesomeness of the flowers from the timeless rose to the exotic lily.
If you’ve had a bad day, it is sometimes just sufficient to look at something pretty like a flower.
Therefore we often paint walls with a floral design to remind ourselves of all aspects to see beauty.
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