The maximum height of common trees is between 400 and 426 feet (122 and 130 meters).
While in the past, giant trees may have achieved impressive heights, some of the world’s tallest, widest, and thickest trees are now dead because of timber (and deforestation).
There are two ways for ranking the tree’s size: Height or Volume.
Measuring trees by height, and diameter along with the angle of narrowing cross-section provides insight about tree volume.
These are the top 10 biggest trees in the world:
10. Rullah Longatyle (Strong Girl)
Rullah Longatyle is the world’s largest Eucalyptus regnans tree species (Eucalyptus globulus Labill).
Rullah Longatyle, meaning Strong Woman, is situated near Geeveston, Tasmania, Australia.
It is Australia’s second-largest tree by volume of the trunk. The volume of its trunk is about 368 cubic meters.
9. Kermandie Queen
A 400-year-old veteran of the southern forests of Tasmania is reportedly Australia’s biggest tree.
The Kermandie Queen, a 76-meter swamp gum or mountain ash rising in a rainforest just south of Geeveston, is just three-quarters the height of Australia’s tallest tree, the neighboring Centurion, soaring 99.7 m.
But the Kermandie Queen has out-muscled the competition to be called our biggest tree by using a formula that takes into account the girth, height and crown size of the measured tree.
This tree got burned during the January 2019 fire.
The Kermandie Queen, who in volumetric size rivaled the Arve Giant, was also severely damaged by the fires and shed large branches that are the size of typical trees themselves.
8. Arve Big Tree
Perhaps the Arve Big Tree is 84 m, a long shot from the current record holder of the world’s biggest flowering plant, the Centurion, which towers at 324.8 feet tall.
Though also seen some of Australia’s tallest trees.
Standing before me was a behemoth that I had never seen in Tasmania or anywhere in Australia.
The surrounding trees in his prime were like scrawny babies next to a Yokozuna.
The Arve Big Tree weighs 405 tons, according to the information boards, and is one of Australia’s largest trees.
In contrast, an adult Blue Whale would be just 190 tons.
7. Cheewhat Giant
Canada’s largest tree, the Cheewhat Giant, is protected in southern Vancouver Island’s Pacific Rim National Park Reserve.
The massive western red cedar has a diameter of 182 feet (55 m) in tree height and 20 feet (6 m).
6. Douglas fir tree
This Red Creek Fir, at least 1000 years old, is a Douglas fir tree.
It was called the world’s largest Douglas fir with a diameter of 4.2 meters and a height of 73.8 meters.
Red Creek Fir on Vancouver Island is the largest Douglas fir on Earth.
The tree and a small surrounding tree stand currently receive “soft” protection through an Old-Growth Management Area, but law mandates “hard” protection in the form of a conserving forest, or nature reserve that also includes a much larger buffer area.
5. Tāne Mahuta
Tane Mahuta is the fifth largest tree in the world by volume, with 516 cubic meters in volume.
This giant kauri tree (Agathis australis) is located in Northland, New Zealand’s Waipoua Forest.
The age ranges from 1,250 to 2,500 years. It is today’s biggest kauri known to stand.
Its name Māori means “Lord of the Wood” in the pantheon of Māori from the name of a god.
4. Árbol del Tule
Located inside a gated churchyard in the picturesque town of Santa Maria del Tule, the Árbol del Tule is the widest tree in the world.
The local Zapotecs like to joke that the Tule shares some of their characteristics: it is short (only 35.4 meters in height), stout (11.62 meters in diameter), and old (about 1,500 years).
3. Grogan’s Fault
The largest known living coast redwood (sequoia sempervirens) is Grogan’s Fault, found in Redwood National Park in 2014 by Chris Atkins and Mario Vaden, with a total trunk volume of at least 38,299 cubic feet.
Certain high-volume redwoods along the coast include Iluvatar with a main trunk volume of 36,470 cubic feet and the Lost Monarch with a main trunk volume of 34,914 cubic feet.
2. Lost Monarch
Lost Monarch is a Northern California Coast Redwood tree with a diameter of 26 feet at breast height and a height of 320 feet.
In terms of wood volume, it is the largest coastal redwood in the world.
The largest known living coast redwood is Grogan’s Fault, found in Redwood National Park in 2014 by Chris Atkins and Mario Vaden, with a total trunk volume of at least 38,299 cubic feet.
1. General Sherman
General Sherman is a giant sequoia tree (Sequoiadendron giganteum) growing in Tulare County, Sequoia National Park, California, United States.
The Sherman tree is roughly 52,500 cubic feet (1,487 cubic meters) in height, named General Sherman.
That’s more than half the volume of an Olympic pool, commonly considered to be 88,500 cubic feet (2,506 cubic meters).
General Sherman is the biggest tree in the world. According to estimates, it is about 2,000 years old.