The survival of endangered species by breeding and destruction of habitats and the effects of climate change is the main threat posed by human beings.
Read about what beautiful animals need our assistance, protection, and preservation most.
To justify their existence, I will exclude common-looking yet not so common animals like endangered philippine deer or northern hairy-nosed wombat.
As we humans only love animals that have an exotic appearance.
These are the top 10 rarest animals in the world:
You probably have never heard of the shy and nocturnal Pangolin, which lives in Asia and Africa’s forests or grasslands.
Pangolins are cute, small (approximately house cat’s size) and can protect themselves if they feel threatened by curling up in a circle.
They are also incredibly popular vulnerable species plus the most trafficked mammal in the world.
For their scales and their meat, people catch them. It is estimated that every year up to 100,000 pangolins are caught.
Conservationists struggle to save the pangolin, the world’s most illegally sold mammal before they are “eaten to extinction”.
Its meat in China, Vietnam and elsewhere in South-East Asia is considered a delicacy, whereas scales are valuable for traditional medicine.
In India, China, South-East Asia and parts of Africa there are still eight species to exist.
9. Javan Rhino
Javan Rhinoceros is one of the only five sub-specious & is closest to Indian Rhino but small in size than its Indian counterpart.
The Javan Rhinos were once abundant in Indonesia and Southeast Asia but are now only about sixty (searched into two known populations) in the wild.
They are now on the Critically Endangered list. In captivity, there are no Javan Rhinos.
We can consider the Vietnam War as the biggest reason for Javan Rhino’s depletion, as it has severely depleted its natural habitat, is considered as one of the biggest disruptions to the existence of Javan Rhino.
Blackmarket hunters are looking for their horns like other rhino populations.
In the last 15 years, only two female Sumatran rhinoceros have bred successfully, but efforts to breed over captivity have not performed well.
8. Red Wolf
The Red Wolf is the Gray Wolf’s cousin. Although native to Florida and the southeast, in eastern North Carolina you may find just around 25 to 40 of them that live in the wild.
Red wolves are classified by the IUCN as critically endangered.
Conservation efforts to save the animals have been made but they are still on the verge of extinction.
These canine species are known for their shyness and lifelong mating. In fact, in the wild in 1980, the Red Wolf was deemed extinct.
The number of Red Wolves in captivity has risen to 207, and there are now around 100 in the wild.
A success story, sure, but there are still causes that have contributed to the Red Wolf’s endangerment, including the serious decline of their hunting ground.
Fortunately, there are wildlife reserves, so these wolves are protected against urban expansion in their natural habitat.
Although this rare animal is sometimes called forest giraffes, it looks nothing like a giraffe, until you look closer.
It has a long tongue, yet its limbs have black and white stripes like a zebra and have a physique like a horse.
Okapi is the giraffe’s sole living relative as both belong to the family of Giraffidae, with giraffes are of the genus of Giraffa and Okapi are of Okapia.
The history of the Okapi appears to be back in ancient Egypt, where wall gravings have been found since then.
There were stories of an “African Unicorn” in Europe and Asia before the 20th century. Now it is assumed that it is about the Okapi.
In 1887, Henry Morton Stanley described a kind of donkey named “Atti” in the Congo.
Today we know it that such species mentioned, could be the Okapi. Scientists, zoologists, and scholars today are much better acquainted with these animals.
The reality that the genus Okapia johnstoni is a true fossil, a living creature who seems the way his ancient ancestors are and does not live in close relations, for example, the fact that they are like the giraffe, given its zebra-liking coloring.
6. Amur Leopard
We also know Amur leopards as an Eastern leopard, which is the most endangered feline species in the world.
This is a solitary, nocturnal leopard with an estimated wild population of over 84 individuals live primarily in the Amur basin in eastern Russia with some spread around neighboring China and a new sanctuary built-in 2012.
The leopards in Amur have the lowest levels of genetic variation (mating with genetic relatives) than any leopard subspecies, leaving them particularly vulnerable to extinction.
Amur leopard has a thick coat and long thick hair, which varies on their environments from creamy yellow to rusty orange.
Their rosettes (spots), have thicker black borders and are more widespread than other leopard subspecies.
Their legs are also larger and the paw size is also larger than other subspecies, which makes their movement in deep snow easier.
Despite human interference plays a major role in the endangered state of Amur leopards, their low degree of genetic variation for recent population decrease causes many health problems including decreased fertility.
5. The Elephant Shrew
This little African rodent is the golden-rumped elephant shrew.
In the elephant shrew family, it is the largest genus with its closest relative, the gray sengi.
The shrew is known as a gold-rumped elephant shrew and is among the most endangered species, primarily because of scattered forests and anthropological circumstances.
Their population is most prominent in Kenya’s Arabuko Sokoke Reserve, but we destroyed their ecosystem because of deforestation.
They are captured in traps but because of the terrible taste of their meat, natives do not use them as a food source.
4. Angel Shark
We can find these species in the Black Sea, Mediterranean, and Northern Atlantic.
Overfishing is one of the reasons for their decline. In the Canary Islands and the Southern Caribbean, there are only a small number of Angel Sharks.
This animal lies under the sand to hunt looking for fish to swim in the area. Angel sharks mostly eat small fish and other small marine animals.
3. Golden Tabby Tiger
Only in captivity is this type of rare tiger found. Unlike other tigers, it has a recessive gene and is sometimes called the Strawberry Tiger or Golden Tabby.
Such tigers have a majority of genes similar to Bengal tigers, but typically have Amur tiger genes in their lineage.
The last appearance in the wilderness of golden tiger was in the early 1900s in India and their unusually associated with areas with high concentrations of clay on the soil.
We know fewer than 30 of these tigers to exist in captivity.
The vaquita is the smallest of the marine mammals, around four feet and a half in size.
In Spanish, the name of the animal means “little cow.”
We now estimate that only about 10-15 vaquitas are still present and that their population has decreased at an astonishing rate.
The species is native to Mexico and California. Fishermen who use gillnets are constantly reducing their numbers, threatening their existence.
In cooperation with international environmental scientists, animal care professionals and marine mammal veterinarians, the Marine Mammal Institute is working to protect vaquita by demanding removal gillnets.
These helpless animals that are going extinct soon will completely go extinct until the end of 2019 if we don’t take a firm step for their conservation.
If you never heard of the saola, don’t feel bad. This animal is so rare that scientific researchers only have seen it four times in the wild till now (yes, four times).
It proves saola is the rarest animal in the world, they are referred to as Asian unicorn.
Saola is known for the two horns on his head and the white marks on its face, which are only found in Laos and Vietnam.
Saolas are closely related to cattle, but they look like antelopes a little more.
The main causes of Saola’s risk of extinction are poaching and the loss of its natural habitat.
It can be even more threatened through the loss of habitat and fragmentation because of its restrictive habitat requirements and aversion to human proximity.
Saola has suffered losses as a result of local hunting and illegal trade in furs, medicines as food and meat.
I hope you loved this top 10 endangered animals list.
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