Top 10 Interesting Facts About Tigers

facts about tigers

Some of the interesting facts about the tigers are that they have stories about their unmatched strength and glory in China, Siberia, and India for thousands of years.
Because of this, they have become one of the world’s most renowned predators and are the largest felines.
Tiger is more powerful than 13 human males. A tiger can kill an Indian bull gaur of 770 kg and can drag his carcass for fifteen yards, showing massive strength.
Below we have listed the Top 10 facts about tiger:

10.Personality-wise, If Lions are king Tigers are Army Chiefs

Commander-in-chief is a position that has the supreme command and control over the armed forces of a kingdom or nation.
Unlike the leader of the kingdom, the chief has to make real-time decisions on warfare strategies, tactics & execution.
And if the situation arrives, have to fight with bare hands and survive because most enemies will target commander; destroy the leader, the army will automatically finish.
Commander is a combination of intelligence, leadership and skilled fighting abilities.
In most folklores, apart from strength, tigers are considered villainous, calculating, rough and strategically intelligent.
It’s evident from their habitat and hunting styles.

09.Tigers are considered to be smartest among all big-cats

Tigers have physically bigger brain cavities among the category of the big cats, showing higher intelligence than other carnivores (Polar bears have the biggest brain carnivores).
One of the most interesting facts about the tiger is that they are highly strategic when it gets to hunting, unlike other big cats their diet comprises both agile animals like chitals or sambal deers and hefty buffalos.
According to hunt, they change their hunting strategy.
For deers, tigers don’t just run haphazardly after but wait quietly and patiently for the right time to strike.
And when hunting large animals, they wait for a bull or buffalo to isolate from the group or isolate them by a fake attack and that too all this alone.
While swimming, if a crocodile attacks a tiger, it will not go for its neck, but its soft stomach, as the tiger understands it cannot strike through the body scales of the crocodile.
These amazing animals, apart from hunting, also have a strong memory. The short-term memory of the Tigers holds nearly thirty times longer than the average human can.
Because of this, they remember much more than we humans do.

08.Rivalry with wolves

In their ecosystem, tigers dominate most other predators.
In a recent study, it is found that the Siberian tigers can cause wolves to extinct locally.
Many eyewitnesses claimed that wolves have been killed by Siberian tigers, not for meat, but to end competition.
As a result, the areas of wolf and tiger are rarely overlapping. If a tiger enters the wolves’ territory, they will either leave or will be killed.

07.Their tongue is like barbed nail plate

Tigers have tongue covered with many small, sharp, rear-facing projections called papillae. 
These papillae have a harsh, rasping texture to the tongue and assist them to rip the skin, bones, fur, and flesh of their prey.
Zookeepers know it, tigers love to lick the paint right off the walls of their enclosures in the zoo.
But when a friendly tiger licks you, there’s no need to worry: like domestic cats, tigers often lick other tigers or the people they’ve become familiar to love and not aggression they will even use licking as a manner to relieve anxiety in the same manner we hug!

06.Tigers sometime hunt and kill bears

If you live in Canada you might think Grizzly bears are invincible, The only natural hazard to an old bear is a gang of wolves, even though they are hardly a threat. 
Then you might not know about Siberian brown bears of Ussuri.
It is truth in wild that tigers easily dominate other predators like Wolves, Leopards, and Bears.
But it surprised me when I studied the unusual interaction between Siberian tigers and Ussuri bears.
These big cats hunt and kill bears! Ussuri bears makeup 1.4% of the diet of the Siberian tiger.
So I believe this shows why the tiger is one of the primary predators in the world.

05.A tiger’s roar can paralyze prey

The threatening roar of a tiger can paralyze the animal that hears it, sometimes including skilled human zookeepers. 
Tiger’s roar is for more private purposes: attacks or warnings, annoyance or anger or dread, or sexual availability.
All these vocalizations have distinct sounds and differ in loudness.
The MGM film logo’s Lion has a tiger’s roar and even in Disney’s Lion King Simba’s roar in ending scene is of a Tiger.
Tigers are mostly forested inhabitants and their lands are smaller than they would own a lion’s pride.
Depending on why they make the noise, some measurements suggest that lion’s roar can be heard at greater distances than tiger roars, so they are likely to be louder.
But, the tiger’s roar is louder up close and far scarier.

04.Tigers are gentleman and have manners

It is interesting yet unusual information about tigers is that they share their meals, unlike lions.
Although tigers are solitary animals, they sometimes fall into touch with other tigers. 
Male tigers will share their food when this occurs and let the females and cubs first eat.
This is an interesting case of respectful conduct in the animal kingdom, as other animal species’ males pose a threat to females and young when it’s not a mating season.


Tigers have the brightest eyes in the world of any other animal. At dark, or in the beam of a torch, they blaze back with amazing intensity
Tigers are getting ready to hunt until night time because their night vision is six times better than that of humans because of a retinal adaptation that reflects light to the retina.

02.Unique stripes

Most of the types of cats have marks on both their hair and flesh.
The unique pattern of stripes on tigers indeed acts like their identity, similar to human fingerprints.
Even if you were to shave off Tigers’ fur, the marks would still be seen.

01. Symbol of strength,fierceness and protection

The tiger is the true embodiment of an elegant but bluntly dangerous wild animal.
It has developed the sign of bravery, the real significance of power, the supreme apex predator, the horror of the jungle, feared by all, unbeatable and unstoppable.
As a spirit animal, willpower, bravery, and personal strength are said to be the significance of the tiger.

Sadly, in this human-dominated world where forests and wildlife are continuously shrinking with growing demand in the black market for tiger hunting.
Share this post about facts if you love tigers and want them to be part of this planet in the future.

Top 10 Fastest Plane in the World

Every human being today who has traveled on a plane or gazed at the wonders of exploring space should be grateful to those brave and brilliant brothers for the legacy they left for humanity-Airplane.
Since its use into wars have we pushed the ultimate boundaries of the plane making. 
Thanks to the discovery of jet-engine were limiting factors altitude and speed were irrelevant.
The innovation comes from the human quest to rule the skies.
We develop most of the aeronautics technology in the airforce research facilities for developing fighter jets that will have an upper edge over enemies.
Here are the top 10 fastest fighter jets in the world.

10.Sukhoi Su-27

Top Speed: 1804 mph
Max Flight Distance: 2193 miles with internal fuel.

Its full speed of 2.35 Mach carries it with a twin-engine and the first fly-by-wire control system ever on a Russian jet to the very weakest of Soviet craftsmanship. 
Soviets built it to counter the new American 3.5 gen fighters like the F-15 Eagle for air superiority.
It is equipped with a 30 mm gun and ten internal turrets capable of holding both air-to-air, heat-seeking, short, and medium-range rockets. 
It has many distinct variations for all its achievements and popularity. Some of them like Sukhoi Su-57 Fifth-generation jet fighter is even today top-modern, 35 years after the Flanker’s first plane (1977).

09.McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle

Top Speed: 1875 mph
Max Flight Distance: 2991 miles with internal fuel.

Even today, most people consider F-15 being one of the most successful fighter jets ever created and is still in service with the U.S. Air Force. 
The twin-engine and thrust-to-weight ratio of the Eagle of 1:1 can propel the plane of 18,000 kg to over 2.5 times the sound speed.
Developed in 1976 and will stay a part of the air force until 2025. Nearly 1200 F-15s were built and exported to Japan, Saudi Arabia, and Israel, among others. USAF’s current plan is to continue producing them until 2019.
It was first designed as an air-superiority aircraft but was later built as an Air-to-Ground variant, the F-15E Strike Eagle. 
The F-15 can carry on its 11 hard points a range of Sparrow, Sidewinder,120-AMRAAM, crash missiles.
Together with its 20 mm M61A1 Vulcan gun and fastest speed, it is no surprise that this fighter jet has over 100+ confirmed aerial combat victories. 

08.Mikoyan MiG-31 BSM

Top Speed: 1957 mph
Max Flight Distance: 4287 miles with internal fuel.

The Mikoyan designed the plane as a replacement for the earlier MiG-25 “Foxbat”; The MiG-31 is based on and shares design elements with its predecessor MiG-25.
MiG-31 distinguishes itself as one of the world’s fastest planes before and even now.
It can fly at high altitudes at high speeds up to 2.83 Mach (2171.372 mph)
Its D30-F6 jet engines, each rated at a thrust of 152 kN, allow the speed of Mach 1.23 (932 mph) at low altitude.
The MiG-31 was one of the first planes with a phased array radar and as of 2013 was one of two fighter jets in the world capable of freely firing air-to-air long-range missiles.
Also, it was the first operational fighter in the world with the Zaslon S-800, a passive electronically scanned array radar (PESA).
Its maximum reach against fighter targets is about 200 km, and it can track up to 10 objectives and strike four of them simultaneously with its Vympel R-33 rockets.
The aircraft was in production from 1975, the Russian Air Force and Kazakhstan Air Force are still using MiG-31 and will remain in service until or beyond 2030.

06.North American XF-108 Rapier

Top Speed: 1990 mph
Max Flight Distance: 4287 miles with internal fuel.

The North American XF-108 Rapier was a long-range, high-speed interceptor plane designed by North American Aviation to protect the U.S. from supersonic fast Soviet bombers.
The aircraft would have moved at speeds around Mach 3 (3,200 kph; 2,000 mph) with an unrefueled combat radius of over 1,000 nautical miles (1,200 miles)
With radar and rockets providing engagement capabilities of up to 100 miles (160 km) against targets of bomber size.
USAF continued to develop the F-108 radar and missiles, and eventually, the system was used in the Lockheed YF-12 project.

05.Bell X-2

Top Speed: 1990 mph
Max Flight Distance: 4287 miles with internal fuel.

The Starbuster was an American research fastest plane flying for the first time in 1955 and retired in 1956. 
It was a part of the X-2 program and so its investigation area was to see how plane behaved at altitudes greater than Mach 2.0 when traveling.
With no weapons, it featured a back-swept wing that created it to have a little air-resistance and prepared to meet Mach 3.196’s amazing velocity in 1956.
Accidentally, the pilot made a sharp turn soon after he reached very high speed and then it crashed out of control. He could not regain aircraft power and bailed out. 
Unfortunately, the rescue shuttle’s tiny parachute was only launched, and he struck the floor too fast. The Starbuster program finished this deadly collision.

04.Mikoyan MiG-25

Top Speed: 2170 mph
Max Flight Distance: 1650 miles with internal fuel.

This Soviet aircraft constructed was among the fastest fighter jet to join the flight to attack American fighter planes during the cold war such as the SR 71 blackbird and high-slow moving surveillance aircraft.
Since they intended it to attack SR 71, excessive speed was the need, hence its maximum capacity of Mach 3.2. 
Unlike the Blackbird, the Foxbat contained 4 air-to-air missiles that made it an interceptor rather than a plane of surveillance.
It has never fired down a Blackbird, but it has had many other effective fighting missions, for example in the conflict between Iran and Iraq. 
Between 1964 and 1984, over 1100 Foxbats were built, but today it restricts the use, with Russia, Syria, Algeria, and Turkmenistan being the only consumers.
The MiG-25 was also MiGFlug’s fastest plane ever provided for fun flights–they used it primarily for space edge missions.

03.Lockheed YF-12

Top Speed: 2275 mph
Max Flight Distance: 3000 miles with internal fuel.

The Lockheed YF-12 was an American prototype interceptor aircraft assessed in the 1960s by the U.S. Air Force. 
YF-12 just appeared like the Blackbird SR 71 which have three Air-to-Air missiles. 
It is because they modeled the SR 71 on the YF-12 and because they both had the same designer, Clarence Johnson, “Kelly.”
The YF-12 set and maintained world records of the fastest plane in the world and an altitude of over 2,000 miles per hour (3,200 km/h) and over 80,000 feet (24,000m) (later surpassed by the SR 71 blackbird) and is the largest, heaviest and fastest manned interceptor plane in the world to date.

02.Lockheed SR 71 Blackbird

Top Speed: 2193 mph
Max Flight Distance: 3250 miles with internal fuel.

Both USAF and NASA used SR 71 Blackbird, after its inception in 1966.
By Collaboration, they built 32 Blackbirds and used it for reconnaissance and experimental research. 
It showcased stealth technology, even if enemy fighter planes detected it because of its amazing speed.
It could easily surpass the interceptors or surface-to-air missiles launched towards it.
Blackbird was so fast that there was no time for air in front of it to glide, thus building up a high pressure near its nose which raised its internal temperature by too much friction. 
The fighter jet’s temperature would sometimes reach very high, which expanded the metal, so it had to be built by small parts. Because of this, when standing still, the SR-71 spilled oil.
The SR 71 was the fastest and highest-flying operational manned military plane in the world during its entire career.
This has to be the pinnacle of our fastest plane in the world list.


Top Speed: 4520 mph
Max Flight Distance: 280 miles with internal fuel.

As part of the X-plane series of experimental aircraft, the North American X-15 was a hypersonic rocket-powered plane operated by USAF and NASA.
For the fastest plane which carried a human, this rocket jet has the current world record. Its top speed was Mach 6.70 (about 7,200 kph) which is achieved with his pilot qualified as astronaut William J Chevalier on October 3, 1967.
It had to feature a big wedge tail to be stable at these super-high altitudes, but the downside of this was at the lower altitude the drag from such a tail was enormous.
A B-52 had to carry it to an altitude of approximately 14,000 meters before leaving it at which it ignited its own engines. 
Just imagine sitting in a 15m long rocket and then being released, it must have been an amazing thrill!
They used X-15 at such extreme speeds that’s why it didn’t use traditional steering methods (using slide over a fin) but used rocket thrusters instead! 
This enabled elevations of over 100 kilometers to be reached, which was one of its world records.
X-15 these three records: 

  1. It was the first operational spaceplane.
  2. It got to a height of over 100 km.
  3. It flew over six times the speed of sound (Mach 6.70)

North American X-15 is still the fastest plane in the world ever built with a top speed of 4520 mph.

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Top 10 Fastest Cars in The World 2019

Top 10 fastest cars in the world

Here, I will list out Top 10 fastest cars in the world which are currently in production and may drive on streets legally.
Important factors before you read,
Even if the sky’s budget limit, you can’t keep these exotic vehicles down because they’re prohibited to drive on the streets in most nations.
Why are these cars banned? Well, the ultimate cause of banning these vehicles is because they are too hazardous to ride. 
For ordinary highways, most of them may be too fast and too powerful to handle, so the government made them legal to buy but cannot drive on a public street. 
“Fast” means more than maximum speed in my term. 
Some believe it’s a movement over a range (top mph) in the least time (acceleration), and others believe it implies a range over moment 0–60 distance and a third of a mile (range over moment). 
A complete supercar must have a fair combination, but more of these features. Steering/cornering and steering have a great deal to do with quick.
The measurement of the path must be very definite. It must be the same for all. A half-mile ride on smooth concrete will generate different outcomes than a half of a mile run on a drag race track.
Top speed at The Autobahn (Germany) is not the same as a top speed run on the Bonneville Salt Flats.
There is also a shift in altitude/slope, and the smallest and maximum positions are not on the same level. So the dynamics of suspension go far beyond just simple G force.
Driver’s skill, vehicle familiarity, and knowledge of the track is a variable to consider. 
I hope I have differentiated between what is the top speed and what is fast. 
So tighten up your seat-belt and lighten up wallet here are the top 10 fastest cars in the world you can own in 2019.

10.Aston Martin DBS Superleggera

  • Top street speed-210.8 mph/339.3 kph
  • Acceleration-0 to 100 kmph in 3.4s
  • Price-from $308,081

Such a velocity is because of the 715 horsepower 5.2-liter twin-turbo V-12 engine under the muscled vehicle of the Superleggera
Drive it on some twisty highways, and if challenging, the DBS is rewarding to ride swiftly. 
In a wonderful combination, the DBS Superleggera incorporates the finest of traditional Aston Martins. 
While the DBS uses an all-aluminum DB11 framework, carbon fiber overplays much of the body.
The DBS Superleggera does not offer the most bang for the AM buck at a starting price of about 300 grand in the U.S. before optional gear, but it is one the most stunning vehicles in 2019 launched.

09.Chevrolet Corvette 2019 C7 ZR1

  • Top street speed-213.5 mph/343 kph
  • Acceleration-0 to 100 kmph in 3.2s
  • Price-from $125,000

The ZR1 is the fastest, most powerful Corvette ever manufactured, with a 755 HP and 715 lb-ft torque LT5 6.2L supercharged V8 engine. 
For any vehicle, these are some impressive figures, but figures do not always fit into performance.
The 2019 model 213-mph Chevrolet Corvette ZR1 C7 retains the American tradition of producing world-class performers at just a fraction of Europeans’ price.
Known as giant-killers at all times. The starting rate of the ZR1 is $125,000.
Just like their naval namesake (corvette battleship), Vette sometimes costs less than half of what more prestigious exotic European supercars does but destroys their pleasant delusions by being so much faster at a fraction of the price.

08.Ford GT 2018

  • Top street speed-216.2 mph/348 kmph
  • Acceleration-0 to 100 kmph in 3.3s
  • Price-from $450,000

Ford fit the latest car with a twin-turbocharged 3.5-liter V-6 engine closer to the one found in the Ford F-150 Raptor, unlike the supercharged V-8 in the previous generation GT. 
The V-6 is equipped with a seven-speed dual clutch automatic transmission, pumping out 647 horsepower and 550 lb-ft torque.
On test, GT touched at 100 kph in just 3.3 seconds and at 134 mph in 10.8 seconds through the quarter-mile. 
Driving the GT is simple, and from behind the wheel, the car feels quick and flexible.
Drivers on the path discovered it “brutally fast, having nearly all comforts in their test for speed and agility in the corner.”
Inspired by one of the most popular drivers of Le Mans, the Ford GT is an ideal example of when big corporations like Ford its best minds to work.

07.Mercedes-AMG Project One

  • Top street speed-217 mph/350 kmph (atleast)
  • Acceleration-0 to 100 kmph in 3 s
  • Price-from $2.7 million

Expected to launch in 2020, this formula one based supercar has chassis constructed on a carbon-fiber structure, 
A rear-engine, all-wheel-drive vehicle is driven by a 1.6-liter V-6 petrol engine (like that of Mercedes-AMG formula one car)
Supported by a hybrid plug-in mechanism and four electric motors assisted by three 161 HP motors which are placed on the crank and front wheels, respectively.
Launched at the auto show in Frankfurt, even though Mercedes-AMG was secretive about how much power it really produces or what the maximum speed is. 
We speculate that it breaks the all-important 1000 HP limit; 
It’s an armed hybrid, and it will speed in 3 seconds from 0 to 100! Oh, and a ludicrous price label of $2.7 million.
F1 star Lewis Hamilton helped develop Project One and even drive the first model.
Even though this sports car is not released yet, Mercedes claimed it would be most fastest car but considering the specifications we estimate it would be among the top for sure.

06.Lamborghini Aventador LP 750-4 Superveloce

  • Top street speed-218 mph/351 kmph
  • Acceleration-0 to 100 kmph in 2.7 s
  • Price-from $550,990

The Lamborghini Aventador LP 750-4 Superveloce is the purest version of a Lamborghini to date with enhanced power, reduced weight, improved aerodynamics and advanced technologies: unmistakable Lamborghini super sports car DNA, 
Dynamic superiority and outstanding riding precision.
Focusing on weight reduction while integrating the latest tech has led in the Lamborghini production of the most sport-oriented and fastest Lambo in our top 10 fastest cars list. 
By improved lightweight engineering, including considerable use of carbon fiber, the weight was further decreased by 50 kg from normal Aventador.
This new Raging Bull comes to life with a V12 engine with power increased to 552 kW/750 HP. This results in a 2.03 kg/HP power-to-weight ratio. 
The Superveloce speeds up in 2.7 seconds from 0 to 100 kph and forces up to a maximum velocity of over 350 kph (more than 218 mph).
Lamborghini Veneno was a limited edition variant with the highest speed of 221 mph which was based on Aventador SV.

05.McLaren P1 GTR

  • Top street speed-225 mph/362 kph
  • Acceleration-0 to 100 kmph in 2.9 s
  • Price- $4.6 million

Now we are in our hypercar zone,
This updated P1 GTR provides an amazing horsepower more than the standard P1 while being lighter after stripping some modern luxuries, one of the most powerful cars ever to enter on public roads. 
Bearing in mind that this monster P1 GTR can set you back over $4.6 million, don’t assume this road-legal car to be a bargain.
With a 3.8-liter, twin-turbocharged V-8 and an electric motor behind your head producing 986 horsepower,
Coupled with the capacity to achieve 100 kph in 2.9 seconds on the manner to a maximum speed of 225 mph, there will always be the temptation to press gas as you ride it.

04.Koenigsegg CCX

  • Top street speed-225 mph/362 kph
  • Acceleration-0 to 100 kmph in 3.2 s
  • Price- $4.6 million

If this list of the world speedest cars was not for street-legal automobiles, a super sports car from Koenigsegg called Agera RS would be in the top 3.
Model CCX has the same DNA and sporting some car modifications to follow US car laws and a new in-house built 4.7L hybrid supercharged V8 motor capable of producing a peak power of 817 hp at 7,000 speed and 920 Nm of torque at 5,500 speed while operating on 91 octane petrol. 
Koenigsegg made the chassis of carbon fiber strengthened by the Kevlar and aluminum honeycomb.
The Koenigsegg CCX can go from 0 to 100 kph in 3.2 seconds to a touching speed of 245 mph. 
Start preparing for all this exotic hypercar by paying the cost. Supercars from Koenigsegg are some world’s most costly.
Overall, for Koenigsegg, the CCX was a significant model that eventually supported the Swedish firm to create the Agera and the One:1.

03.SSC Tuatara

  • Top street speed-225 mph/362 kph
  • Acceleration-0 to 100 kmph in 2.4 s
  • Price- $2 million +

SSC North America has confirmed the news that we have been waiting for since 2011: the 1,750-horsepower, 
Potentially 300-mile-per-hour Tuatara sportscar is now in production.
The Tuatara is driven by a 5.9-liter twin-turbo flat-plane V8 developed by Nelson Racing Engines in collaboration. 
In bright-orange markings, the engine itself features “1.3 megawatts,” referring to its capacity to bring out up to 1,750 hp on E85 gas.
This yield scales back to 1,350 HP when operating 91 octane fuel, just like its previous predecessor SSC Aero.
Anyway, a CIMA 7-speed automatic gearbox with a 50-millisecond robotic shift guarantees that all these wheels are correctly driven to acceleration and speed.
SSC has a record of 284 to beat Koenigsegg before it can consider chasing 300, but it will excite us no matter how fast the Tuatara gets. 
We’re just pleased to know that it’s more than viral marketing and celebration as in the delivery of first production car in mid-August 2019. 

02.Bugatti Chiron

  • Top street speed-261 mph/420 kph (electronically limited)
  • Acceleration-0 to 100 kph in 2.5 s
  • Price- from $3 million

If not limited by the car’s safety limit, this beast doesn’t have any limits and it’s beyond this list.
The maximum speed of 261 miles per hour of the Chiron Sport overwhelms every car mentioned here, and that’s what Bugatti set out to achieve with its superspeed yet luxurious land rocket. 
Bugatti powered the Chiron Sport as the “regular” Chiron by the same 1,479-horsepower, 8.0-liter quad-turbocharged W-16 engine, but it carries less than 40 pounds, making it a bit faster. 
How much is it faster? Can’t say because both Chiron and Chiron Sport are electronically restricted to 261 miles per hour in top speed mode.
Bugatti says, despite, that the Chiron Sport is a whopping 5 seconds quicker, which is remarkable given the performance gains produced solely on its weight loss. 
Just for information, In 2010, the Bugatti Veyron 16.4 super sport (Bugatti’s ex-flagship) recorded a top-speed production car mark of 268 miles per hour.
On its launch, the public regarded the Bugatti Veyron as a masterpiece of engineering–a technological display showing just what was capable of with an almost limitless cost.
Bugatti Chiron without its electronic speed lock is now the #1 fastest car in the world breaking 304mph barrier on 2nd September 2019.
By creating a vehicle that is even more technologically advanced than its predecessor with the advantage of 11 years of extensive research and tradition, Bugattis will always the top spot in almost all most fastest car in the world list.

01.Hennessey Venom GT

  • Top street speed-265.7 mph/426.7 kph
  • Acceleration-0 to 100 kph in 2.5 s
  • Price- from $1.2 million

On a technical level, the Hennessey Venom GT is the fastest production car in the world with a maximum speed of 265.7 mph.
The Hennessey Venom GT was evaluated but only approved the numbers. A twin-turbocharged 7.0-liter V-8 engine drives the vehicle which is closely modeled on the Lotus Exige.
The Hennessey Venom F5 could be the second or third fastest vehicle with a top speed of 301mph.
It took four years to develop F5 after Venom GT’s launch, and it is fundamentally a brand-new car which is not allowed to ride on the street.
Outside, the F5 enjoys a fresh look and new aerodynamics, while under the skin is an updated carbon fiber chassis with more displacement and more power.

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Top 10 Largest Countries in the World by Area

This post is about the Largest Countries in the world covering most land area of the globe.
We, humans, have split the surface of the Earth into many nations, and some of them are true giants such as Russia, Canada, the United States, China, Brazil, and Australia. 
These are top 10 largest countries in the world by area:

10.Algeria-2,381,741 km²

Algeria is a nation in North Africa with a Mediterranean shoreline and has an expanse of the Saharan desert.
This country has the total area is 2.38 million square kilometers and is the only African nation in the top 10.
It has a 998 km length Mediterranean coastline with a huge Algerian Sahara stretches across its boundaries with Niger and Mali all the way to the south of the nation and contributes 90% of topography, while many of its areas are elevated.

09.Kazakhstan-2,724,900 km²

Kazakhstan, a landlocked country in Central Asia and is a former Soviet republic (the biggest nation ever to exist in the 20th century).
It stretches from the eastern Caspian Sea to the Altai Mountains on its eastern frontier with China and Russia.
The 2.72 million square kilometers of Kazakhstan extends across vast grasslands and mountains.
A hot and moist climate prevails for most of the year, but not quite desert-like.
Kazakhstan experiences a wide variety of temperatures throughout the year, although in Kazakhstan it does not get as cold as it does in parts of its neighbor to the north, Russia.
For its landscape and horses, the country is pretty popular.

08.Argentina-2,780,400 km²

Argentina is a country situated in South America’s southernmost part.
Its 2.78 million square kilometers includes some world’s most diverse geography and swampy climate, tropical areas in the very north and to southern freezing glacial cold regions.

07.India-3,287,263 km²

India has 3.29 million square kilometers of land and is in the seventh position among the largest countries in the world. 
And despite being only an entire part of Europe size-wise but It has a much larger population than the whole of Europe placed together. 
Europe has 743 million inhabitants, while India has over 1.2 billion people.
Geologically, India is located on its own subcontinent, and studies show that a sea once divided this entire country and its near neighbors from Asia.

06.Australia-7,741,220 km²

Australia is more than twice the extent of India at approximately 7.69 million square kilometers. 
Australia is by far the largest country in Oceania. 
It is so big that still, it’s highly debated that Australia is an island, landmass or an entire continent.
The vast majority of its population lives in seaside cities like Sydney in the east, Melbourne in the south, Brisbane and Perth in the west because the Australian Outback (remote interior of Australia) is one of the driest and hottest areas in the world. 
Australia is renowned for its spectacular and often deadly wildlife, along with severe weather and topography.

05.Brazil-8,511,965 km²

top 10 largest countries in the world

Brazil is home to much of the world’s biggest rainforest, the Amazon and is the largest country by area in Latin America.
Brazil is the fifth-largest nation in the world by area, with 8.5 million square kilometers and over 208 million people, and the fifth most populated country in the world.
On the eastern side, Brazil also has a long Atlantic coastline stretching about 8,000 km.
Most of its major cities are located near the coastline, including Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo.

04.China-9,56,960 km²​

Officially the People’s Republic of China (PRC), with a population of around 1.404 billion, is a nation in East Asia and the most populated nation in the world.
It is the fourth largest country in the world by total area, covering roughly 9.6 million square kilometers (3,700,000 sq mi).

03.United States-9,833,517 km²​

The United States occupies 9.63 million square kilometers, only larger than China but mildly less than Canada. 
Bordered on the south by Mexico and on the north by Canada, the United States has a variety of flora and fauna.
Two North-South regions split the nation into three distinct geomorphological pieces. 
The Pacific regions are renowned for a year-round warm climate and lengthy beach expanses along the California shore, west of the Rocky Mountains.
The great plains extend from Canada to Mexico, tucked between the Rockies and the Mississippi River, providing the United States one of the most fertile growing fields in the world. 
Finally, the third geographical part of the country is the Mississippi river basin, which acts as oxygen to America’s manufacturing hubs, with significant towns scattered across it.

02.Canada-9,984,670 km²​

Top 10 biggest counties in the world

Its ten provinces and three territories cover 9.98 million square kilometers from the Atlantic to the Pacific and north to the Arctic Ocean, which makes Canada the second-largest country in the world by landmass.
This implies that with a population density of 4 individuals per square kilometer, of the total 35 million people in Canada could have around 61 acres of land for each.
Canada’s immense cold tundra, between the Arctic and the United States, stretches till the North Pole. 
Split like the southern neighbor the US, the Rocky Mountains lie north to south in the western part of the nation, the snowy arctic circle in its northeast and grasslands covering most remaining areas.

01.Russia-17,075,200 km²​

Russia is by a significant percentage is the biggest country in the world, covering 17,125,200 square kilometers by area. 
I will not exaggerate, but in Russia, when people on the western frontier wake up, individuals on the eastern side are having dinner.
Russia has a population of 143 million in 2019 and If we distribute the country among its citizens, it can afford to offer a square km of the area to every 10 individuals. 
By comparison, for United states its 30 individuals.
Last but not least, Russia is bigger than the whole Pluto’s surface area.

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Top 10 Shocking Facts about Mesopotamian civilization

mesopotamian civilization

This post is about Facts about Ancient Mesopotamia.
But, before talking about this civilization’s facts, let’s see its origins.
The word Mesopotamia originates from meso, implying middle, old Greek root phrases; and river meaning potamos.
It thus translates to ‘(land) in the middle of rivers’
Mesopotamia relates widely to the territories between the Euphrates and Tigris rivers. 
The region comprises most of the modern Iraq, Kuwait & Syria.
It was a homeland of many of the oldest significant civilizations in the world, including Sumerians, Akkadians, Assyrians, and Babylonians but we can also regard it as one of the first civilization in the world.
These are Top 10 Mesopotamia facts from ancient research:

10. Sumer was the first urban civilization in history

By 3000 BC, the Sumerian people had controlled Mesopotamia and played an important part in Mesopotamia history. 
There were several decentralized city-states in Sumer, including Eridu, Nippur, Lagash, Uruk, Kish, and Ur. 
Sumer’s most prominent city was Uruk, about 30 km eastward of Iraq’s modern Samawah town. 
It served a major position in urbanization and state formation in Mesopotamia during the so-called Uruk period & was among the first city in the region. 
The development of Uruk rendered it the biggest settlement in Mesopotamia, both in population and area. 
At its height, it had between 40,000 and 80,000 inhabitants living in 6 sq. km of the enclosed region around 2900 BC. 
The development of Uruk made it the biggest settlement in Mesopotamia, both in population and area. 

09. First Biggest Empire in the ancient world

Eannatum, a ruler of the Sumerian town of Lagash, started a military campaign to annex the different city-states in the 25th century BC. 
Ultimately, he conquered all Sumer and spread his impact beyond his borders. 
Eannatum’s empire is one of history’s first verifiable kingdoms. 
Sargon of Akkad another Mesopotamian king, established The Akkadian Empire, also recognized as Sargon the Great, and conquered Sumer around 2270 BC. 
We can regard him as Mesopotamia’s first brilliant emperor and evidence support the facts. 
He captured all southern Mesopotamia and areas of Syria, Anatolia, and Elam (west Iran). 
The Sargon-built empire was up to that stage the largest ancient empire in recorded history.
During Sargon’s regime, there were countless revolts, and its a fact that he had the world’s first skilled standing army to safeguard his empire from rebellious citizens.
After his death, Mesopotamian rulers considered him as a model for about two millennia.

08. Assyria was the first superpower nation in the world

Assyria is named after its first capital Assur on a plateau above the Tigris River in ancient Mesopotamian civilization. 
Geography has placed Assyria in an exposed position with most sides free to loot. 
Because of these neighboring nations, including the armies of Mitanni, Hittite, and Babylon constantly were a threat.
These forces defeated the Assyrians at different phases in their past and had to battle for their independence. 
This developed a reactionary effect that resulted in the development of an efficient, well-organized and powerful army,
A structure capable of coping with its neighbors’ continual violence, conflicts, and attacks.
This made the Assyrian army powerful, and they triumphed over most of-of the strong Mesopotamian states by the 8th century BC to become one of the first superpowers of the ancient world.

07. King Tiglath-Pileser 3 is regarded as a military genius

The Assyrian king Tiglath-Pileser III ruled from 745 BC to 727 BC. Considered to be one of the strongest rulers in Mesopotamian civilization.
He carried out a sequence of comprehensive changes to reorganize the military and restructure the government’s bureaucracy. 
He also developed Assyria’s first professional standing army and up to that moment made it the most efficient military power in history.
It’s also considered him as one of the most successful military commanders in the world’s history as he conquered many neighboring territories.
At his death, Assyria was the biggest kingdom in the ancient world.
Tiglath-Pileser III’s brother Sargon II captured the crown in 722 BC and governed Assyria until 705 BC. 
The Assyrian Empire achieved its highest heights under Sargon II. 

06. Invention of wheel

The wheel was first created as a potter’s wheel and has occurred around 3500 BC, contrary to popular belief.
Although the wheel first existed in ancient Mesopotamia, archaeologists found the earliest wheel called the Ljubljana Marshes Wheel in 2002 in Ljubljana, Slovenia’s capital, and dates back 5,150 years.
Ancient humans used the wheel as a luxurious transport for the rich and for agriculture, ceramic manufacturing, and processing. 
It was bases the chariot technology and other significant historical inventions.
The chariot was the first means of private transport and then; they used in wars, sports and public use for years. 
They made the oldest chariot design of a light wood with a bentwood rim.
The first chariot appeared in Mesopotamia around 3200 BC and then after used by almost every civilization after, they used chariots for kings and wealthy private commute.

05. World's First Accountants Counted on Cuneiform

People recorded information about their agricultural goods—including domestic animals and plants in the form of small clay tokens. 
Scholars believe that the written form of language that we use to pass this information along today evolved out of this simple accounting technique.
On cave ceilings, upper Paleolithic individuals left tally marks and cut hash marks on portable sticks. 
But, Clay tokens provided more data, including what commodity they counted, a significant leap forward in storing and retrieving information. 
Urban towns flourished during the Uruk era in Mesopotamia [4000–3000 BC] and accounting administrative requirements increased. 
In Mesopotamian culture, production of secondary commodities such as wool, clothing, metals, honey, bread, oil, alcoholic beverages, rope, furniture, jewelry, tools, perfume required accounting, and the number of tokens used increased in 3300 BCE. 
During the Late Uruk era [3500–3100 BCE], accountants started to maintain tokens inline globular clay envelopes called bullae.
Bullae are hollow clay balls about 5–9 cm (2–4 inches) in diameter: they kept tokens inside the box and the opening later sealed. 
About 150 of these clay envelopes are recovered from excavation sites of Mesopotamian civilization. 

04. Concept of Urbanization

Mesopotamians developed the concept of urbanization for the first time. 
Human beings began to live in a particular location instead of scavenging or hunting for the first time in history.
Agriculture’s creation enabled feeding more individuals and livestock living in one place. 
People taught to trade, and the notion of taxes evolved with it.
Mesopotamia emerged as one of the world’s first sun-dried brick-built towns. 
Urbanization in Mesopotamia began in the Uruk era (4300–3100 BC) and massive mud-brick houses built around 3200 BC was the biggest colony ever to be built in human culture. 
Huge fortifications constructed by King Gilgamesh surrounded the town.

03. It is regarded as in Mesopotamia writing was invented

The cuneiform writing system is also not an alphabet, and it doesn’t have letters.
Instead, it used between 600 and 1,000 characters to write words or syllables which was one of the earliest forms of writings used in ancient Mesopotamia.
Sumerian and Akkadian are the two primary scripts published in Cuneiform, although more than we record a handful of others.
This implies that we could use it to write Chinese, Hungarian or English pretty well today.
The first stage used basic pictures that were also used to record syllables soon.
Reading the letters of other people, particularly when they are 4,000 years old and written in such an attractive and sensitive format, is absolutely fascinating.

02. Marriage,Sex & Love

Marriage was of essential significance in ancient Mesopotamia culture because it guaranteed the continuity of the bloodline and offered social balance.
Human relations in ancient Mesopotamia were as difficult and complex as those today, and the emotion of affection was a component of that nature.
There are poems, like of Akkadian composition around 1750 BCE, which portrays two couples arguing that the female believes
that the boy has an affair with someone and that he has to convince her she is the only one. 
Ultimately, after poetic discussing the issue, the pair reconciles, and it’s clarified that they will stay comfortably together now.
While romantic love played a role in Mesopotamian weddings, marriage was a legal contract between the father of the bride and to be the groom.
More commonly, it was between two families according to the customs and standards of Mesopotamian culture. 
(Its called dowry; Fathers gave the bride to the groom’s family who paid the highest price to them.)
To be considered legal, the wedding celebration had to include a feast. 
For the pair to be legally married, the marriage procedure had five phases to be noted: 
1.Engagement / marriage agreement; 
2.Payment of the bride and groom parents to each other (gift and wife price); ceremony/feast; 
3.Bride shifting to the house of her husband/in-laws; 
4.Sexual intercourse between the bride and the pair expected to be a virgin on their wedding night and become pregnant. 
Mesopotamian rituals and practices may seem odd, or even unfair, to a Western modern-day mind.
The ancient world’s humans were no distinct from those who live today. 
Many modern weddings started with a promise, end sadly, while many others struggled initially but last a lifetime.

01. Mesopotamian Cult & Witch-craft

Researchers have encountered at a Kars symposium called “Ani’s Underground Secrets” to explore the underground world of the city listed in old carvings as the place of an old esoteric school in Mesopotamia. 
At its peak, Ani rivaled in size and importance the likes of Constantinople, Baghdad, and Cairo.
Ani had risen to over 100, 000 people by the 11th century in Mesopotamian civilization. 
It would become the battlefield for different contending empires, resulting in its destruction and abandonment.  
Today, hundreds of ancient churches, Zoroastrian temples, and other structures stay spread across the rough and desolate landscape, most of them in ruins. 
It was the beginning of a discovery of water streams, unexplored monk cells, meditation chambers, big hallways, complex tunnels, pits, and corners beneath the remains of Ani’s old Armenian city. 
They found a papyrus fragment in a place in one chamber. In an ancient Armenian language, the document was written in some strange text, 
The first sign that Ani’s hidden world was very old.
Archeologists put together the significance of the strange text after a while.
They learned that the text was a cult message written from one monk to another monk.
Demonology, Black Magic & Cult was some common practice in Mesopotamia. In fact, they considered a popular demonic entity named Pazuzu (also popular in many modern horror movies) the demon king in ancient religions.

Just like the Mesopotamian civilization, there is another ancient civilization called Indus Valley civilization and it is as old as Mesopotamia.
It just fascinates and intrigues me to know about our ancestors yet see how far we have come from them.
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Top 10 Best Presidents who made the US Superpower

Top 10 best presidents

This list post is about Top 10 Best Presidents in the World who made the US global superpower.
Leaders are not iconic; they are people like you and me, but with some distinctions. 
We are talking about the most powerful position in that world before and now, President of the United States.
Does it mean that all American presidents are best in the world in terms of presidential rankings? 
Winning an election is not an easy task? isn’t it?
Here, the case is a bit different, winning an election is a different thing and leading a super-power is different.
Of the men who have held the U.S. president’s office, historians agree that there are only a few who are most loved and can be ranked in American history. 
These are the Top 10 best Presidents of America:

10. Andrew Jackson

Top 10 best presidents

Starting from the tenth spot of our best American presidents list,
Is the first populist president of the nation, Andrew Jackson (March 4, 1829-March 4, 1837), known as “Old Hickory.”
As a self-styled man of the people, during the War of 1812 and later against the Seminole Indians in Florida, Jackson gained fame at the Battle of New Orleans.
His first presidential run in 1824 finished in a small loss to John Quincy Adams, but four years later, in a landslide, Jackson won the Presidency.
While in office, Jackson demolished the United States’ Second Bank, putting an end to federal attempts to regulate the economy.
At a staggering odds to be killed, Jackson was the target of the first attempted presidential assassination in US history.
Once, in April 1781 he, along with his brother was arrested by British reason being our future president declined when an officer ordered Jackson to clean his shoes. 
The angry officer drew his sword and slit the left hand of Jackson to the bone and gashed his head, leaving a lasting scar.

09. Harry Truman

presidential rankings

Harry S. Truman (April 12, 1945-January 20, 1953) took office after serving as vice president during the final term of office of Franklin Roosevelt.
Following Roosevelt’s death, Truman directed the U.S. through World War II’s closing months,
Including the choice to use a nuclear bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in Japan.
He became president at one of the most important and difficult times in our America’s history, at the end of World War II. 
He had to create many hostile choices without being kept up-to-date as vice president.
Although controversial today, the history points us that he made smart decisions, and we are happy that at that moment he was in authority.
Under Truman’s leadership, the U.S. introduced the Berlin Airlift to fight the German capital’s Soviet blockade and established the multi-billion-dollar Marshall Plan to restore war-torn Europe.

08. John F. Kennedy aka JFK

best presidents

John Fitzgerald “Jack” Kennedy was 35th President of the United States from January 1961 to his assassination on November 1963, often known as JFK.
Americans and the world often consider him to be the young, talented guy whose career and life on that day of 22nd November 1963 in Dallas tragically ended. 
But for purposes other than that, Kennedy deserves a position on this list, as I may presume many Americans still consider him among the most loved presidents.
By negotiating with Soviet President Khrushchev, he receives significant marks here for his diplomatic management of the Cuban Missile Crisis. 
He also sought to bring an end to discrimination against race, supporting civil rights and racial integration.
He took the U.S. economy out of crisis through his reforms.

07. Thomas Jefferson

top 10 best presidents

Thomas Jefferson (March 4, 1801-March 4, 1809), third President of the United States, also played an important role in America’s birth.
This author of the Declaration of Independence was a scholar, statesman, and a very good leader. 
In 1803, he purchased territory from the Mississippi River to the Rocky Mountains from Napoleonic France at a bargain cost of just $15 million. 
Increasing the nation’s size in one blow under his leadership, and his brilliant mind shaped our country from its formation days.
This places him in the seventh spot in our top 10 best presidents as he was also one of the founding fathers.
The United States also battled its first foreign war, recognized as the First Barbary War, while Jefferson was in charge and shortly attacked present-day Libya.

06. Dwight D. Eisenhower

top 10 best presidents

The war in Korea stopped during the reign of Dwight Eisenhower (January 20, 1953-January 20, 1961), while the U.S. saw tremendous economic growth.
Perhaps the most important achievement of Eisenhower as president was to keep America out of the war.
As president, he faced issues that could quickly have escalated into conflict if someone else had been in control without such a presence of mind.
Besides, We can attribute him for his financial strategies that mainly contributed to the financial growth of the 1950s. 
Eisenhower issued legislation creating the interstate highway system and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration or NASA while in government.
Eisenhower kept a strong anti-communist position in foreign policy in Europe and Asia, increasing the nuclear arsenal of the nation and promoting South Vietnam’s capitalist regime.

05. Ronald Regan

top 10 best presidents
Ronald Reagan was an American movie actor turned politician who worked from 1981 to 1989 as the 40th U.S. president.
He as a person was inspiring, enthusiastic, and charming, but his presidency was much more than that.
His administration developed 16 million new employment opportunities, fueled a 2-decade-length economic boom.
Reagan’s economic policy’s four pillars were to reduce government spending, lower the federal income tax and investment gains tax, lower public regulation, and loosen money supply to decrease inflation.
His best achievement was ending the cold war.
Regan’s administration pushed his Strategic Defense Initiative relentlessly and helped the insurgents, particularly from Nicaragua to Angola, fighting Soviet-backed Communists.
These efforts were critical in the Soviet empire’s ultimate collapse and ended the Cold War finally.
Speaking in historical rankings of presidents personally, he is my favorite leader.
Reagan was the right man at the right time.

04.Theodore Roosevelt

presidential rankings

After the assassination of President McKinley, Theodore Roosevelt (September 14, 1901-March 4, 1909) went to power.
He was the youngest person to hold the presidential position when at 42. 
Roosevelt used his presidentship during his two terms to implement excellent national and foreign policy.
Also, he put in place regulations to curb the power of large corporations such as Standard Oil and the railroads of the nation. 
With the Pure Food and Drug Act, which gave birth to the present Food and Drug Administration, he also enhanced consumer protection and created the first national parks.
Roosevelt followed an aggressive foreign policy, negotiating the beginning of the war between Russia and Japan and creating the Canal of Panama.
Today, we can thank him for promoting child labor laws, women’s rights, an 8-hour working day, and building a new image of masculinity that combined education, bodily strength, and rugged individualism.

03. Franklin D. Roosevelt aka FDR

top 10 presidents

The longest-serving President of the United States was the FDR (March 4, 1933-April 12, 1945). 
Elected during the unfortunate times of the Great Economic Depression, he held the oval office from 1933 to only months before World War II ended in 1945.
During his presidential tenure, he planned to significantly extend the federal government’s function.
Depression-era federal programs such as Social Security, implemented during the government of FDR still exist, offering the most susceptible nation with fundamental economic protection. 
The U.S. also took on a prominent fresh role in global affairs because of the conflict, a stance it still holds.
Because of his economic, diplomatic and defense policies, many consider him one of the best presidents America ever had.

02.Abraham Lincoln

top 10 presidents

If not for Abraham Lincoln (March 4, 1861-April 15, 1865), who presided America during the Civil War, the U.S. might look different today.
Lincoln led the Union through four brutal years of civil war, removed slavery with the Proclamation of Emancipation, and created the basis for peace with the beaten South at the end of the American Civil War.
Unfortunately, Lincoln didn’t survive to see a country completely restored and united. 
John Wilkes Booth assassinated him in Washington, D.C., weeks before the official conclusion of the Civil War.
It was hard for me to make the top 10 best presidents list, especially the top two.
Abe Lincoln was great. He was a genius in coping with individuals, and he rendered his adversary friend repeatedly. 
He was frank and always attempted to do for America what was best.

01.George Washington

top 10 best presidents

On top of our list is a humble military general known as the father of the nation as the first president, George Washington.
George Washington is ranked as the best leader USA ever had and there is a reason for that.
During the American Revolution, he functioned as commander-in-chief and then presided over the 1787 Constitutional conventions. 
With no criterion for choosing a president, it fell to the members of the Electoral College to elect the nation’s first leader.
Over two terms, Washington has created many of the traditions that the oval office still follows today.
Worried that the president’s office should not be seen as a monarch’s cabinet but as one citizen, 
Washington preferred on calling him “Mr. President” rather than “Your Excellency.”
During his presidency, the U.S. developed government spending regulations, normalized relationships with Great Britain as it’s an old foe, and set the foundations for the future capital, Washington, D.C. 
George Washington refused to accept the position country’s highest post when requested for the third term
His explanation was, The presidency is not to be a seat from which to rule, a monarchy in Washington, or a peer down on it’s country’s citizens, but a place in which the Americans chose an individual to represent them. 
The world could be very different today if other power-hungry man than Washington was our first president.

We had some amazing people who served us as presidents. 
As this is the top 10 best presidents countdown, I couldn’t include them all. 
They were people of personality and intelligence, from various political parties and from various cultures. 
I carefully selected those who changed America & World for good.
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